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influenza

Line breaks: in|flu|enza
Pronunciation: /ɪnflʊˈɛnzə
 
/

Definition of influenza in English:

noun

[mass noun]
A highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory passages causing fever, severe aching, and catarrh, and often occurring in epidemics.
Example sentences
  • Other viral illnesses include influenza, the common cold, Lassa fever, and ebola.
  • Frequently referred to as the flu, influenza is a respiratory illness which is caused by a virus.
  • It also caused post-flood diseases for children like influenza, diarrhea and fever.

Origin

mid 18th century: from Italian, literally 'influence', from medieval Latin influentia (see influence). The Italian word also has the sense 'an outbreak of an epidemic', hence 'epidemic'. It was applied specifically to an influenza epidemic which began in Italy in 1743, later adopted in English as the name of the disease.

Derivatives

influenzal

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • ‘Homosexual’ is a really grim word, associated with saying ‘you have a disorder'. It's like saying you are a ‘influenzal’ - both defining the person by their sexuality and simultaneously defining the sexuality as a defect.
  • With vaccines available for HiB as well as the usual triple antigens, influenzal vaccines and now pneumococcal vaccines - they are there to be used!
  • The present invention relates to a novel influenzal vaccine for peroral administration and to a method of producing same.

Definition of influenza in:

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