Definition of isolate in English:

isolate

Line breaks: iso|late

verb

Pronunciation: /ˈʌɪsəleɪt
 
/
[with object]
1Cause (a person or place) to be or remain alone or apart from others: a country which is isolated from the rest of the world
More example sentences
  • First of all, we put ourselves in a position where we were really isolated from our friends and family.
  • We were well isolated from the run-down neighborhoods and troubled conditions of the city.
  • We are really isolated from the rest of our planet.
1.1Place (a person or animal) in quarantine as a precaution against infectious or contagious disease.
More example sentences
  • Patients with ‘active’ disease are infectious and must be isolated until the disease is controlled.
  • When a child is sick with scarlet fever due to a strep throat infection, it is wise to isolate him or her from other family members, especially infants and very young brothers and sisters.
  • Most likely your veterinarian or local aquarium store will recommend isolating your infected fish or disposing of them.
2Identify (something) and examine or deal with it separately: his difficulty will be to isolate the factors which are most significant
More example sentences
  • The goal is to identify and isolate three dozen such targets that could be destroyed by precision strikes.
  • Once that trend is identified, we can isolate the cause through other means and look at ways of addressing more specific problems.
  • To reach the right solution, isolate what's causing the problem.
Synonyms
2.1Cut off the electrical or other connection to (something, especially a part of a supply network): engineers isolated the gas supply to the house
More example sentences
  • How are connections to customer networks isolated?
  • Gas and electricity engineers were called to isolate the supplies.
  • In event of a thermal runaway, electrical power should be isolated, and no attempt should be made to handle or move the battery for at least 30 minutes.
2.2 Chemistry & Biology Obtain or extract (a compound, microorganism, etc.) in a pure form: the medical world would never come to grips with polio until it could isolate the virus which caused it
More example sentences
  • But first, they had to isolate the compound in pure form.
  • However, it was not until the early nineteenth century that these compounds were reproducibly isolated and analyzed.
  • Total yeast RNA was isolated by hot phenol extraction.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈʌɪsələt
 
/
Back to top  
1A person or thing which has been or become isolated: social isolates often become careless of their own welfare
More example sentences
  • The men who end up on Skid Row are social isolates.
  • But in high school, they tended to be outsiders - social isolates or whatever.
  • Some, but not all of these creators were social isolates, eccentrics, and obsessives.
2 Biology A culture of microorganisms isolated for study.
More example sentences
  • The invasive isolates were mostly obtained from blood whereas the non invasive isolates were isolated from throat.
  • Our study was based on clinical isolates obtained from patients.
  • Overall, 189 bacterial isolates from 149 patients were misidentified.

Origin

early 19th century (as a verb): back-formation from isolated.

Derivatives

isolable

Pronunciation: /ˈʌɪs(ə)ləb(ə)l/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Debates over what is patentable typically revolve around questions of isolable genes and gene sequences.
  • I would argue that ‘the Christian tradition’ is not so easily identifiable and isolable as an unchanging measure against which any position can be declared ‘orthodox’ or ‘heretical.’
  • So, the result may be that psychological scientists become very concerned with short-term results that preferably can be packaged as multiple isolable bits that can be sent to different journals.

isolatable

adjective
More example sentences
  • Practices of knowing and being are not isolatable, but rather they are mutually implicated.
  • Large-scale over-expression and purification of the mutants resulted in comparable quantities of isolatable enzymes.
  • These cells form a well ordered, isolatable BB that is morphologically and compositionally comparable to those from the proximal tubule epithelial cell.

isolator

noun
More example sentences
  • The power is in an isolator at the bottom of the crane and that is padlocked.
  • These combiners use low-loss, low IM dual-stage isolators with integrated coaxial cavities.
  • In addition, Freightliner decreased cab noise by improving the exhaust isolators and the clutch linkage.

Definition of isolate in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day dinkum
Pronunciation: ˈdiNGkəm
adjective
(of an article or person) genuine