An organic compound containing a carbonyl group CO bonded to two hydrocarbon groups, made by oxidizing secondary alcohols. The simplest such compound is acetone.
- Low molecular weight aldehydes and ketones are soluble in water because the carbonyl oxygen atom allows the molecules to form strong hydrogen bonds with the molecules of water.
- Over time, however, it oxidizes and chemically degrades to form alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, acids and esters.
- In this reaction, an ester joins with another ester, a ketone, or a nitrile.
- Example sentences
- This type of reaction gives as its product a beta ketonic ester, ketone, or nitrile (depending upon the starting compounds) and an alcohol.
Mid 19th century: from German Keton, alteration of Aketon 'acetone'.
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