noun[mass noun] historical
A name proposed in the Soviet Union for the artificial radioactive element of atomic number 104, now called rutherfordium.
- For example, the Russian team suggested the name of kurchatovium for element 104, in honor of the great Russian nuclear chemist Igor Vasilevich Kurchatov.
- But element 104 had been claimed five years earlier, in 1964, by the Russian team at Dubna, who wanted to call it kurchatovium after their head of nuclear research.
1960s: named after Igor V. Kurchatov (1903–60), Russian nuclear physicist.
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