Definition of lash in English:

lash

Line breaks: lash
Pronunciation: /laʃ
 
/

verb

1 [with object] Strike or beat with a whip or stick: they lashed him repeatedly about the head
More example sentences
  • He was forced to farm Arab fields, tied at night, beaten and lashed with a whip for about a year.
  • When he was lashing me with his whip, it hurt a lot.
  • Lauren ignored him and picked up a whip, lashing him again and again until he opened a wound that went to bone.
Synonyms
whip, flog, beat, thrash, horsewhip, scourge, birch, switch, flay, belt, strap, cane, leather; strike, hit, clout, batter, welt, hammer, pummel, belabour
informal wallop, whack, lam, tan someone's hide, give someone a (good) hiding, larrup
North American informal whale
1.1Beat forcefully against: waves lashed the coast
More example sentences
  • Officials are warning of flash floods and mud slides, and the outer bands of Ivan are lashing Jamaica with torrential rain and huge waves.
  • In neighbouring Botswana torrential rains that have lashed the southern, central and eastern parts of the country are now moving towards tourist destinations in the west.
  • Richard walks along a barren Irish coast in the rain, waves lashing against his long black coat!
Synonyms
beat against, dash against, crash against, pound, batter, buffet, smack against, strike, hit, knock
1.2 (lash someone into) Drive someone into (a particular state or condition): fear lashed him into a frenzy
More example sentences
  • But it proved nothing more than a false note as they were lashed into submission by the boundary-belting cyclone that is Kevin Pietersen.
  • From the moment Zurawski lashed them into the lead in the 13 th minute, they were not in the remotest danger of dropping points, a fact that was not lost on the Aberdeen manager, Jimmy Calderwood.
  • Who would lash us into serfdom and would crush us with his might?
Synonyms
2 [with object] (Of an animal) move (a part of the body, especially the tail) quickly and violently: the cat was lashing its tail back and forth
More example sentences
  • As much as we like to imagine sauropods stamping their feet and lashing their tails to drive off the vicious theropod predators, the scenario is unlikely for a simple reason.
  • Jinx realized with a shock that he was still in a predatory, feline crouch, lashing his tail agitatedly, the claws on his feet digging into the dirt.
  • He was behind me, still lashing his tail worriedly.
Synonyms
swish, flick, twitch, switch, whip, wave, wag
2.1 [no object] (Of a part of an animal’s body) move quickly and violently: the cat’s tail lashed furiously from side to side
More example sentences
  • Nogar snapped back, his tail lashing furiously.
  • Tail lashing furiously, Kobi stood in the same spot for a moment more.
  • Kobi was practically hissing at this point, his tail lashing furiously behind him.
3 [with object and adverbial] Fasten (something) securely with a cord or rope: the hatch was securely lashed down he lashed the flag to the mast
More example sentences
  • With much heaving and sweating, and a few choice cuss words, he got it wedged up under the axle, and, with the rope from his saddle, he lashed it securely in place.
  • I knew it was coming to rescue us so I took down the sail and mast, took up the centerboard and brought in the rudder and lashed it all secure.
  • Larger beams can be ‘stressed’ by lashing them with heavy chains.
Synonyms

noun

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1A sharp blow or stroke with a whip or rope: he was sentenced to fifty lashes for his crime figurative she felt the lash of my tongue
More example sentences
  • Women, as well as their accomplices, found guilty of this crime received fifty lashes.
  • Foreigners unfamiliar with local customs often find themselves tied to a post and receiving fifty lashes.
  • In support of his case, the elder of the two men claimed he'd been sentenced to 300 lashes and sacked from his job after raping several young men at his workplace.
Synonyms
stroke, blow, hit, strike, welt, bang, thwack, thump
informal swipe, wallop, whack
archaic stripe
1.1The flexible leather part of a whip, used for administering blows: he brought the lash down upon the prisoner’s back
More example sentences
  • I looked up as he came closer, but Andreus coiled up the lash into a plaited leather loop and hit me across the back of the neck with it, forcing my eyes back down.
  • It is not frail and infirm, it is a fighting machine. Entrenched in filth in the centre of the aisle it will without warning extend its wooden lash and administer a swift but excruciating rap to the back of the legs.
  • My fingers are still dripping wet, but the handle to the lash is gripped to prevent it from slipping free from my slick, white scales.
1.2 (the lash) Punishment in the form of a beating with a whip or rope: they were living under the threat of the lash
More example sentences
  • Zhu Ke, the writer, said the substitution of the lash for crueler corporal punishments revealed a forward movement of civilization.
  • Masters served their slaves, accepting taunts and insults that would be punished by the lash or death any other time of year.
  • His convicts were more useful to society as workers than as objects of penal punishment; the lash became an element in labour relations.
Synonyms
whip, horsewhip, bullwhip, switch, scourge, flagellum, cat-o'-nine-tails, cat, thong, flail, strap, birch, cane
historical knout
2 (usually lashes) An eyelash: she fluttered her long dark lashes
More example sentences
  • If you want to really get girly, use an eyelash curler for lusher-looking lashes.
  • There's nothing more ageing and unattractive than eyes framed by dark smudges or clogged lashes, so I've asked a couple of top make-up artists to share their secrets with us.
  • Speaking quietly, his huge chocolate-coloured eyes fringed by dark lashes, he looks the picture of peaceful, healthy youth.

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'make a sudden movement'): probably imitative.

Phrases

be (or go) on the lash

British informal Be engaged in (or go on) a heavy drinking session.
More example sentences
  • Too many estate agents on the lash, getting their photos taken for the social page.
  • It can only be a matter of time he goes on the lash with Hitchens.
  • It'll be some local youngster who's parents have given the money to have a good night on the lash.

Phrasal verbs

lash down

(Of rain) fall very heavily: torrential rain was lashing down
More example sentences
  • Thunder rolled in the distance, the rain lashed down.
  • The 12 th of November was bitterly cold with icy showers of rain lashing down over the City.
  • The main problem was the rain, which lashed down at around 6.30 am.

lash out

1Hit or kick out at someone or something: the woman had lashed out in fear
More example sentences
  • Aged about 12 or 13 years at most, the girl started screaming abuse, crying, lashing out with fists and kicking.
  • She would attack anyone who went into her field, kicking, biting, lashing out and rearing and the more people tried to frighten her away, the worse she became.
  • Twice, Freddy lashes out by silently kicking a brick wall.
Synonyms
hit out, strike, let fly, take a swing; set upon, set about, turn on, round on, attack, weigh into
1.1Attack someone verbally: in his speech, he lashed out at his enemies
More example sentences
  • It frustrated her to a point where one day she had finally lashed out on him verbally, saying how his antics we're just driving her father and farther away from ever wanting to be with him again.
  • Her voice dripped with sarcasm as she verbally lashed out.
  • And I knew even if I verbally lashed out at him, Trey would still take it.
Synonyms
criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, attack, condemn, denounce, lambaste, harangue, rant at, rail at, haul over the coals, fulminate against, pillory, let fly; berate, upbraid, scold, rebuke, chide, reprove, reproach, take to task
informal lay into, round on, pitch into, lace into, carpet, bawl out
British informal slate
North American informal chew out, ream out
2British Spend money extravagantly: I decided to lash out and treat myself let’s lash out on a taxi
More example sentences
  • The other thing you both know is that, no matter how much you lash out on clothes, you'll lash out more on delicatessen.
  • Anyway, if you're in Australia, find a vendor, have a chat and lash out on a three dollar copy of the Big Issue - because it rocks.
  • I try to get my budgets right, but sometimes I just lash out the money and worry about balancing the books at a future date.
Synonyms
spend lavishly, be extravagant, pay out, spend a lot of money
informal splash out, push the boat out, splurge, shell out, squander money, waste money, fritter money away, go on a spending spree, go on a shopping binge

Derivatives

lasher

noun
More example sentences
  • When I first began using the lasher it was to catch small roach, rudd and bream from the lakes at Longleat in Wiltshire whilst on holiday.

lashless

adjective
More example sentences
  • Salvador Dali, for instance, praised ‘the anaesthetic stare of the extremely clear eye - the lashless eye of Zeiss.’
  • They have brownish fur; large, dark, lashless eyes; short, bare ears; and a large, wet nose pad, like a pencil eraser on the tip of a long muzzle.
  • That summer his brown, very round, almost lashless eyes were barely able to contain some deep reservoir of feeling.

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