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lithography

Line breaks: lith|og¦raphy
Pronunciation: /lɪˈθɒɡrəfi
 
/

Definition of lithography in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1The process of printing from a flat surface treated so as to repel the ink except where it is required for printing.
Example sentences
  • Printing on aluminum foil can be accomplished by any commercial process, including rotogravure, flexography, lithography, and letterpress.
  • Over 10,000 means that we could switch from letter press to offset lithography, a process which depends on the immiscibility of greasy ink and water on a lithographic plate.
  • In offset lithography, a printing process commonly used for mass production, the image is taken from the plate by a rubber roller that then transfers the image to the paper.
1.1 Electronics A method analogous to lithography, used in making printed circuits.
Example sentences
  • In microelectronics manufacturing, lithography plays the analogous role.
  • For example, polymer nanoimprint lithography could help the electronics industry achieve the resolution requirements needed for next-generation devices.
  • Electron beam lithography involves striking a surface with a beam of electrons with patterning capabilities below 100 nm.

The earliest forms of lithography used greasy ink to form an image on a piece of limestone which was then etched with acid and treated with gum arabic. In a modern press, rollers transfer ink to a thin aluminium plate wrapped round a cylinder. In offset lithography the image is transferred to an intermediate rubber-covered cylinder before being printed

Origin

early 19th century: from German Lithographie (see litho-, -graphy).

Derivatives

lithographer

1
noun
Example sentences
  • The editor has not only extended the book's coverage by ten years but has included artists primarily known as etchers, engravers and lithographers.
  • It's not that he's reluctant to work - he has experience as a printer, lithographer and worker in one of Bulgaria's biggest factories, the Kremikovtsi steel works.
  • He came to Indonesia in 1938 as a soldier and a lithographer for the Dutch Army in Indonesia.

Definition of lithography in:

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