Definition of microcephaly in English:

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microcephaly

Pronunciation: /ˌmʌɪkrəʊˈsɛfəli/
/ˌmʌɪkrəʊˈkɛfəli/

noun

[mass noun] Medicine
Abnormal smallness of the head, a congenital condition associated with incomplete brain development.
Example sentences
  • Congenital brain anomalies like microcephaly, abnormal cortical mantle formation, agenesis of the corpus callosum have been reported.
  • She has a number of complex conditions including congenital microcephaly and cerebral palsy.
  • However, three or more minor malformations, especially if associated with short stature or failure to thrive, microcephaly or developmental delay, should engender further investigation.

Derivatives

microcephalic

Pronunciation: /ˌmʌɪkrəʊsɪˈfalɪk/
/ˌmʌɪkrəʊkɪˈfalɪk/
adjective& noun
Example sentences
  • Affected children are microcephalic, have intractable seizures, and their neurological development is severely impaired.
  • Specifically, the head circumference of a microcephalic infant, measured by encircling the forehead and the occiput, or back of the skull, is three standard deviations or more below normal.
  • The scaling of brain to body isn't at all what we'd expect to find in pygmies, and the shape is all wrong to be a microcephalic.

microcephalous

Pronunciation: /ˌmʌɪkrəʊˈsɛf(ə)ləs/
/ˌmʌɪkrəʊˈkɛf(ə)ləs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Being microcephalous [having an abnormally tiny head] is a misfortune, and nothing to boast of.
  • There is a happy compromise, a synthesis: just agree that he's microcephalous but with a higher brain-fat ratio than your average pinhead.
  • Because Smith's head is small for his shoulders you call him microcephalous; if it had been large, you'd have called it water-on-the-brain.
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