Definition of microglia in English:

Share this entry

microglia

Pronunciation: /ˌmʌɪkrə(ʊ)ˈɡlʌɪə/
Pronunciation: /ˌmɪkrə(ʊ)ˈɡlʌɪə/

plural noun

Anatomy
Glial cells derived from mesoderm that function as macrophages (scavengers) in the central nervous system and form part of the reticuloendothelial system.
Example sentences
  • Scavenger cells called microglia can be found in the center of plaques, and astrocytes, a type of cell that usually helps protect neurons, are found around the outside of the spherical plaques.
  • The neurohypophysis was replaced by fibrotic tissue containing perivascular macrophages and activated microglia, and in the cerebellum, there were large areas of myelin pallor.
  • Optic pathway gliomas in humans are typically surrounded by blood vessels and microglia, which are immune system cells in the brain.

Derivatives

microglial

adjective
Example sentences
  • The nitration and oxidation injury from the microglial proinflammatory response promotes a vicious cycle of continued oxidative neural injury and microglial activation.
  • Glial nodules, also called Babes nodes, consist of a small focus of lymphocytes and microglial cells centered on a neuron, and there is often evidence of neuronophagia.
  • Pathologic findings included cell loss, gliosis, vacuolization, microglial cell proliferation, and perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates; the most severely affected regions were the gray matter of the cervical and lumbar cord.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: micro|glia

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.