Definition of midge in English:

midge

Line breaks: midge
Pronunciation: /mɪdʒ
 
/

noun

  • 1A small or minute two-winged fly that forms swarms and breeds near water or marshy areas.
    • The families Chironomidae (the non-biting midges), and Ceratopogonidae (see biting midge): numerous species
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    • Included among the invertebrates are moth flies, wood gnats, midges, punkies, mosquitoes, marsh beetles, and beelike or wasplike syrphid flies.
    • Despite balmy temperatures, you'll need to pack pants, long-sleeved shirts, and, yes, even socks, to fend off the hordes of biting sand fleas and midges on the Tuichi River.
    • A new era of chromosome research began with the detection of giant chromosomes in tissues of Dipteran insects, the midges Bibio and Chironomus, and the fruit fly Drosophila.
  • 1.1 [with modifier] Used in names of other small flies whose larvae can be pests of plants, typically producing galls or damaging leaves.
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    • Global warming will result in an explosion of the dreaded west coast midge, delegates to a conference in Glasgow will be told this month.
    • The trio have been cycling around 80 miles per day and they have camped overnight along the way, battling torrential rain, thunderstorms and the infamous swarms of Scottish midges.
  • 2 informal A small person.

Origin

Old English mycg(e), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch mug and German Mücke, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin musca and Greek muia 'fly'.

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