Definition of mitochondrion in English:

mitochondrion

Line breaks: mito|chon¦drion
Pronunciation: /ˌmʌɪtə(ʊ)ˈkɒndrɪən
 
/

noun (plural mitochondria /-rɪə/)

Biology
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner part being folded inwards to form layers (cristae).
More example sentences
  • Chloroplasts are cell organelles comparable to the mitochondria of animal cells.
  • Inside the cytoplasm are mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.
  • The singlet oxygen damages cell membranes, mitochondria and cell nuclei.

Origin

early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread' + khondrion (diminutive of khondros 'granule').

Derivatives

mitochondrial

adjective
More example sentences
  • This precaution may extend to all mutants with defective mitochondrial morphology.
  • Destructive and degradative rearrangement of mitochondrial ultrastructure under anaerobic stress.
  • They localized preferentially at mitochondrial sites and perinuclear regions.

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