Definition of moderation in English:

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Pronunciation: /mɒdəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/


[mass noun]
1The avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one’s behaviour or political opinions: he urged the police to show moderation
More example sentences
  • They are encouraging young people to associate alcohol with excess and extreme moderation.
  • That's what I favour - moderation and responsible behaviour.
  • From the disease model point of view, moderation of addictive behavior is an unrealistic goal for a true addict.
self-restraint, restraint, self-control, self-discipline;
moderateness, temperateness, temperance, abstemiousness, non-indulgence, leniency, fairness
1.1The action of making something less extreme, intense, or violent: the union’s approach was based on increased dialogue and the moderation of demands
More example sentences
  • A real decline in inflation would depend in the moderation of wage demands by ‘organised groups of workers’, indicated Government sources.
  • This is probably more precaution than I would take on my weblog, particularly the moderation of unregistered comments.
  • They're basically young toughs in these projects, and they're just not responding to any kind of calls for moderation to the violence, not even from their parents, by the way.
relaxation, easing (off), reduction, abatement, weakening, slackening, diminution, diminishing, lessening, decrease, lightening, subsidence, contraction;
tailing off, waning, decline, modulation, ebb, alleviation, attenuation, modification, mitigation, allaying, appeasement, assuagement, palliation, cushioning, damping, deadening, dulling;
soothing, relief, softening, tempering, stilling, quelling, calming, pacification, placation, mollification, remission, extenuation
informal let-up
2British The action or process of moderating examination papers, results, or candidates: coursework may need to be filed separately for the purposes of moderation
More example sentences
  • They could have faced up to the fact that if one is to have a ranking-comparing examination or test, then one has to have some sort of moderation or scaling process.
  • The process of marking and moderation will be completed by Wednesday, October 6, 2004.
  • That was for production, printing, marking and moderation, not the fees schools pay.
2.1 (Moderations) The first public examination in some faculties for the BA degree at Oxford University: he took firsts in classical honour Moderations
More example sentences
  • Born in Shipston-on-Stour, he was educated at Winchester and later went up to New College, Oxford, and obtained a first-class degree in Moderations.
  • Next year will see the examination timetable for Classics Moderations change considerably.
  • This provides for candidates who have failed one or more papers in the new Moderations to enter for the Preliminary Examination.
3 Physics The retardation of neutrons by a moderator.
Example sentences
  • Soil water content was measured three times per week by neutron moderation method at 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 cm depths.
  • The individual fibers absorb water, which can contribute to thermal moderation.


in moderation

Within reasonable limits; not to excess: nuts can be eaten in moderation
More example sentences
  • Hence the need to regularly swim, cycle, or walk - all in moderation and within your limits of course.
  • When used in moderation or used in excess on an infrequent basis, the primary effects can be short term.
  • When it comes to dieting, the official view - eat a balanced diet in moderation, and do exercise - is probably the right one.
in moderate quantities, in moderate amounts, within reasonable limits, within sensible limits, within limits, within bounds, within due limits;
moderately, up to a point


Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin moderatio(n-), from the verb moderare 'to control' (see moderate).

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: mod¦er|ation

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