Definition of monarch in English:

monarch

Line breaks: mon|arch
Pronunciation: /ˈmɒnək
 
/

noun

1A sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor: the reigning monarch this followed an attempt by the deposed monarch to regain his throne
More example sentences
  • Since then I have described the Queen as our monarch or sovereign, and the governor-general as our head of state.
  • The English and French monarchs were kings and queens of the land and not the people.
  • The British annexed Burma in 1886 during the reign of its last monarch - King Thibaw - who was taken to Calcutta, where he died in 1916.
Synonyms
2 (also monarch butterfly) A large migratory orange and black butterfly that occurs mainly in North America. The caterpillar feeds on milkweed, using the toxins in the plant to render both itself and the adult unpalatable to predators. Also called milkweed.
  • Danaus plexippus, subfamily Danainae, family Nymphalidae
More example sentences
  • The most incredible butterfly journey, measured in thousands of miles compared with our painted lady's few hundred mile trip, belongs to the monarch butterfly of North America.
  • During its final growth stage, the constantly feeding larva of a monarch butterfly consumes an amazing 2.25 times its own weight in milkweed per day.
  • Some insects, like the monarch butterfly, migrate to warmer climes in winter.
3 (also monarch flycatcher) A flycatcher found in Africa, Asia, and Australasia, typically having boldly marked or colourful plumage.
  • Family Monarchidae (the monarch flycatcher family): many genera and numerous species
More example sentences
  • White-bellied sea eagle, Blue-throated flycatcher and black-naped monarch flycatcher were some of the birds that could be sighted in the city.

Origin

late Middle English: from late Latin monarcha, from Greek monarkhēs, from monos 'alone' + arkhein 'to rule'.

Derivatives

monarchal

Pronunciation: /məˈnɑːk(ə)l/
adjective
More example sentences
  • This ideologically sets the country apart from other feudal, traditional, theocratic, primordial or monarchal systems of government.
  • He contended that every page of Mitford's History had falsehoods, all stemming from his anti-democratic passion and his excessive regard for monarchal and aristocratic power.
  • The classic seventeenth-century patriarchalism that linked monarchal and paternal creative power would not endure.

monarchial

Pronunciation: /məˈnɑːkɪəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • The system provides for the perpetration of a monarchial power structure that should have been abandoned with our first revolution 228 years ago.
  • The earliest block, found in the monarchial period, appears in fact to be the most recent.
  • Only three or four attained ministerial posts with some influence on national policies in an increasingly autocratic monarchial regime.

monarchic

Pronunciation: /məˈnɑːkɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Also, he was uncomfortable with formality, dignity or the symbolic and monarchic aspects of the Presidency.
  • The sceptre is believed to be a symbol for a monarchic or theocratic order, or a combination of the two.
  • For several centuries until the end of monarchic historical Armenia in 1045 and Cilicia in 1375, there were aristocratic noble houses with their respective court-related responsibilities.

monarchical

Pronunciation: /məˈnɑːkɪk(ə)l/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Our objective is to replace the monarchical principle of sovereignty with one based on the people.
  • Nonetheless, these votes represent a break with that country's stark tradition of monarchical absolutism.
  • And while the liberal-nationalist élites were still active, their campaigns would be cut off by governments in defence of the monarchical principle.

monarchically

Pronunciation: /məˈnɑːkɪk(ə)li/
adverb
More example sentences
  • The majority of monarchically inclined citizens traditionally vote for this party.

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noun
excessive pride or self-confidence