Share this entry

Share this page

morpheme

Line breaks: mor|pheme
Pronunciation: /ˈmɔːfiːm
 
/

Definition of morpheme in English:

noun

Linguistics
A meaningful morphological unit of a language that cannot be further divided (e.g. in, come, -ing, forming incoming).
Example sentences
  • In this approach, the specimen sentence has 13 monemes divided into 8 morphemes and 5 lexemes.
  • Cognitive Grammar takes the very strong position that all words and morphemes in a language are symbolic.
  • These include the order in which second language morphemes are acquired, learners' errors, and the stages of inter-language development.

Origin

late 19th century: from French morphème, from Greek morphē 'form', on the pattern of French phonème 'phoneme'.

Derivatives

morphemic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈfiːmɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The smallest possible unities - phonemic - are integrated into ever higher levels of unity - morphemic, syntactic, syntagmatic, narratological - that are simultaneously equivalent to ‘higher’ levels of thought.
  • Comparisons with the reading-age control group indicated that, while the dyslexic children were poorer in the morphemic segmentation tasks, they performed normally for their reading level in the sentence completion tasks.
  • No difference was found between dyslexic and younger normal readers in tasks such as word derivation in a sentence context, production of derived, inflected and compound forms of pseudowords, and synthesis of morphemic element.

morphemically

2
Pronunciation: /-ˈfiːmɪk(ə)li/
adverb
Example sentences
  • The translation sentence is to have the syntax of the original, and to differ only morphemically.
  • Compounds and derivatives tend to be spelled morphemically, the established grapheme bases are usually retained regardless of the phonemic alterations involved.
  • For example, the model has already been used to examine how the meanings of morphemically complex words are accessed during reading.

Definition of morpheme in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?