Definition of morphology in English:

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Pronunciation: /mɔːˈfɒlədʒi/

noun (plural morphologies)

1 [mass noun] The study of the forms of things, in particular:
1.1The branch of biology that deals with the form of living organisms, and with relationships between their structures.
Example sentences
  • Analysis of covariance revealed some relationships between subspecies morphology / growth habit and local environmental conditions.
  • Organisms were identified by morphology and biochemical reactions.
  • Gross changes in chromosome morphology occur at each mitosis.
1.2 Linguistics The study of the forms of words, in particular inflected forms: grammar is organized along two main dimensions: morphology and syntax a generative approach to Italian morphology
More example sentences
  • Dialect encompasses various aspects of the language - syntax, morphology, lexicon, phonology.
  • In some circumstances, languages borrow morphology as well as vocabulary.
  • French has inflectional morphology to indicate plurality, person, number, and tense, so inflection is not a foreign concept.
2A particular form, shape, or structure.
Example sentences
  • Further, individual follicles produce feathers of different morphologies over the course of their life.
  • Second, most morphologies related to strictly marginal growth are now associated only with ferns.
  • The general geometric morphologies of elements from the two populations are also very similar.



Pronunciation: /mɔːˈfɒlədʒɪst/
Example sentences
  • Functional morphologists often investigate the functional consequences of key evolutionary adaptations, while developmental biologists investigate the mechanisms generating morphological features.
  • Early morphologists, such as Cuvier, felt that function was predictable from organismal form, to the extent that animals and plants represented perfect adaptations to their habits.
  • Functional morphologists are not only interested in the way that morphological complexes function, they are deeply concerned with how such anatomical features have evolved over time.


Mid 19th century: from Greek morphē 'form' + -logy.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: morph|ology

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