Definition of mythology in English:


Line breaks: myth|ology
Pronunciation: /mɪˈθɒlədʒi

noun (plural mythologies)

[mass noun]
  • 1A collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition: tales from Greek mythology [count noun]: Jewish and Christian mythologies
    More example sentences
    • Tonight she will consider the differing beliefs and customs relating to death practices from a selection of cultures and mythologies.
    • Sacrifice is a universal religious act, one closely associated with the mythologies of particular traditions.
    • Dragons are winged beings portrayed in the ancient mythologies of most cultures.
    myth(s), legend(s), folklore, folk tales, folk stories, lore, tradition, stories, tales
    technical mythos
  • 1.1A set of stories or beliefs about a particular person, institution, or situation, especially when exaggerated or fictitious: we look for change in our thirties, not in our forties, as popular mythology has it
    More example sentences
    • It was, popular mythology tells us, one of the contributing factors to the American Revolution, and it might just lead to a revolution here.
    • Contrary to today's popular mythology about our past, slavery and exploitation were not taboo subjects then.
    • Thanks, Betty, for your stunning and original contribution to American popular mythology.
  • 2The study of myths: this field includes archaeology, comparative mythology, and folklore
    More example sentences
    • He devoted much attention to comparative mythology and the comparative study of religions.
    • In the intervening time Rothko stopped painting, devoting himself instead to the study of philosophy and mythology.
    • They study mythology, gardening, cooking, foreign languages, history, botany and physics.



More example sentences
  • It deserves an answer that does not dumb down what mythologers around the world are discussing.
  • It is no wonder the protean character of the enlightener has perplexed mythologers, for he is a perpetual paradox.
  • But he was also the mythologer of his own personal legend.


More example sentences
  • Barrie was his own mythologist: he loved making up stories about himself, and her book is an attempt to unpick the truth.
  • Maybe western mythologists have not been completely correct in their perceptions of what these ancient people were telling us.
  • I came across some references to this guy, William Henry, who calls himself an ‘investigative mythologist.’


late Middle English: from French mythologie, or via late Latin from Greek muthologia, from muthos 'myth' + -logia (see -logy).

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