Extreme or irrational fear or dislike of anything new or unfamiliar.
- Shyness - the human equivalent of neophobia - can be detected in infants as young as 14 months.
- It has also been shown that birds may reject novel prey on the basis of unfamiliarity alone or neophobia.
- To measure neophobia, she filled a dish with peanuts and apples, a treat that she calls ‘the Amazon equivalent of chocolate,’ then dangled an unfamiliar object above it and timed a bird's delay in approaching.
- Example sentences
- The researchers found that the neophobic rats produced high levels of stress hormones, called glucocorticoids - typically involved in the fight-or-flight stress response - when faced with strange situations.
- If the stress response could be suppressed then the more neophobic personalities could probably go through life feeling fear or aversion to new experiences with little resulting damage to their bodies.
- Generally, one would predict that behaviourally flexible species would be more willing to explore particular objects or situations that neophobic species might avoid and more willing to consume potential food resources in general.
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