Definition of neuron in English:

neuron

Line breaks: neuron
Pronunciation: /ˈnjʊərɒn
 
/
(also neurone /-rəʊn/)

noun

A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
More example sentences
  • It is made up from millions of nerve cells called neurones that control your body's functions, senses and thoughts.
  • The thalamus (of which there is one on each side) is a large and important mass of nerve cells or neurons.
  • These are cells which can be the raw material for all sorts of organs and tissues, from the pancreas to nerve cells, or neurones in the brain, to heart cells.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek neuron, special use of the literal sense 'sinew, tendon'. See nerve.

Usage

In scientific sources the standard spelling is neuron. The spelling neurone is generally restricted to non-technical contexts, but note that it is usual in motor neurone disease.

Derivatives

neuronal

Pronunciation: /-ˈrəʊn(ə)l/
adjective
More example sentences
  • In the process they have also taught us a great deal about the normal operation of neuronal networks in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and thalamus.
  • Those with persistent weakness presumably have greater degrees of spinal cord necrosis and neuronal loss.
  • The other major cause is a curious form of indolent tumour containing both neuronal and glial elements, often occurring in the mesial temporal area.

neuronic

Pronunciation: /-ˈrɒnɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Every habit of thought and feeling is capable of being expressed in terms of neuronic physiology or morphology.
  • A third and important realization is that the action exerted by a neuronic cell upon a certain synapse and therefore the contributory effects exerted upon a certain synapse are weighted.
  • Single element as well as arrays of neuronic antennas have been fabricated so that radiation properties can be measured in the frequency bands available in our laboratory.

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