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neurotoxin

Line breaks: neuro|toxin
Pronunciation: /ˌnjʊərəʊˈtɒksɪn
 
/

Definition of neurotoxin in English:

noun

A poison which acts on the nervous system.
Example sentences
  • Once the bacteria are in the body, they produce a neurotoxin (a protein that acts as a poison to the body's nervous system) known as tetanospasmin that causes muscle spasms.
  • Polypeptide neurotoxins act as competitive antagonists and include the venoms from snakes of the Elapidae (cobras, kraits, mambas, coral snakes, etc.) and Hydrophidae (sea snakes) families.
  • Tetanus infection can cause production of a neurotoxin, leading to tetanic muscle contractions.

Derivatives

neurotoxic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Pardaxin is a neurotoxic peptide with 33 amino acids and is a main component in the secretion of the Red Sea Moses sole fish where it acts as shark repellent.
  • They vary in their levels and types of toxicity (e.g., dioxin-like, neurotoxic, estrogenic) and should be evaluated individually to identify their sources.
  • In particular, there is potential for a neurotoxic metabolite, normeperidine, to accumulate and cause seizures, myoclonus and tremors.

neurotoxicity

2
Pronunciation: /-tɒkˈsɪsɪti/
noun
Example sentences
  • The management goals are to exclude pathologic causes of hyperbilirubinemia and initiate treatment to prevent bilirubin neurotoxicity.
  • At each monthly visit, patients should be evaluated for signs and symptoms of hepatitis, anemia and neurotoxicity.
  • Environmental mechanisms transform inorganic Hg to organic Hg, which accumulates in the food chain and is efficiently absorbed, crossing the blood-brain barrier, causing neurotoxicity and teratogenicity.

neurotoxicology

3
Pronunciation: /-tɒksɪˈkɒlədʒi/
noun
Example sentences
  • The authors have devoted chapter three in its entirety to aspects of veterinary neurotoxicology.
  • This book is a major contribution to environmental medicine and neurotoxicology.
  • The field of neurochemistry encompasses two related fields, neuropharmacology and neurotoxicology.

Definition of neurotoxin in:

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