Definition of nitrate in English:

nitrate

Line breaks: ni|trate
Chemistry

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈnʌɪtreɪt
 
/
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the anion NO3 or the group —NO3: preserved meat and vegetables contain nitrates [mass noun]: fish-fry populations are damaged by nitrate
More example sentences
  • Many nitrates are ionic in nature, but heavy metal nitrates and anhydrous nitrates have covalently bonded nitrate groups.
  • It occurs in all kinds of minerals, such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates, sulfates, and phosphates.
  • By depositing proteins as monolayers onto gold colloids, the aim will be to develop biosensors for nitrate and nitric oxide with detection capabilities approaching those of natural bacterial cells.

verb

Pronunciation: /nʌɪˈtreɪt
 
/
[with object] Back to top  
Treat (a substance) with nitric acid, especially so as to introduce nitro groups: (as adjective nitrated) nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (as adjective nitrating) a powerful nitrating agent
More example sentences
  • When nitrobenzene is nitrated with nitric and sulfuric acids, for example, 93 percent of the substituted groups end up at meta positions.
  • Thus NO metabolized to nitrosothiols and to nitrated amino acids was not detected.
  • Biodiesel reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and particulates.

Origin

late 18th century: from French (see nitre, -ate1).

Derivatives

nitration

Pronunciation: /-ˈtreɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
More example sentences
  • In the mining industry, the production of TNT is made possible by the electrophilic nitration of toluene (methyl benzene).
  • The added ethyl group makes ethylbenzene about 25 times more reactive to nitration than benzene.
  • Interaction of Cl 2 with oxides of nitrogen may also occur, causing the chlorination and nitration of various amino acid residues, particularly tyrosine.

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