Share this entry
nitrate Line breaks: ni|trate

Definition of nitrate in English:


Pronunciation: /ˈnʌɪtreɪt/
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the anion NO3 or the group —NO3: preserved meat and vegetables contain nitrates [mass noun]: fish-fry populations are damaged by nitrate
More example sentences
  • Many nitrates are ionic in nature, but heavy metal nitrates and anhydrous nitrates have covalently bonded nitrate groups.
  • It occurs in all kinds of minerals, such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates, sulfates, and phosphates.
  • By depositing proteins as monolayers onto gold colloids, the aim will be to develop biosensors for nitrate and nitric oxide with detection capabilities approaching those of natural bacterial cells.


Pronunciation: /nʌɪˈtreɪt/
[with object] Back to top  
Treat (a substance) with nitric acid, especially so as to introduce nitro groups: (as adjective nitrated) nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (as adjective nitrating) a powerful nitrating agent
More example sentences
  • When nitrobenzene is nitrated with nitric and sulfuric acids, for example, 93 percent of the substituted groups end up at meta positions.
  • Thus NO metabolized to nitrosothiols and to nitrated amino acids was not detected.
  • Biodiesel reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and particulates.


Pronunciation: /nʌɪˈtreɪʃ(ə)n/
Example sentences
  • In the mining industry, the production of TNT is made possible by the electrophilic nitration of toluene (methyl benzene).
  • The added ethyl group makes ethylbenzene about 25 times more reactive to nitration than benzene.
  • Interaction of Cl 2 with oxides of nitrogen may also occur, causing the chlorination and nitration of various amino acid residues, particularly tyrosine.


Late 18th century: from French (see nitre, -ate1).

Definition of nitrate in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources