noun[mass noun] Chemistry
A colourless or pale yellow corrosive poisonous liquid acid with strong oxidizing properties, made in the laboratory by distilling nitrates with sulphuric acid.
- Chemical formula: HNO3.
- Oxidizing acids such as nitric acid or strong sulphuric acid cannot be handled with copper alloys.
- Ether can be oxidized by nitric acid to produce ethanoic acid.
- In a second method, toluene is mixed with nitric acid and oxidized to produce benzoic acid.
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