Definition of nitrobenzene in English:

nitrobenzene

Line breaks: nitro|ben¦zene
Pronunciation: /ˌnʌɪtrəʊˈbɛnziːn
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
  • A yellow oily liquid made by nitrating benzene, used in chemical synthesis.
    • Chemical formula: C6H5NO2
    More example sentences
    • When nitrobenzene is nitrated with nitric and sulfuric acids, for example, 93 percent of the substituted groups end up at meta positions.
    • Aniline is manufactured by reduction of nitrobenzene, using hydrogen gas and a copper catalyst, or using iron, water, and hydrochloric acid for the reduction.
    • Benzene and nitrobenzene are heavier than water and they are settling on the river bottom or sticking to the ice.

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