noun[mass noun] Chemistry
A highly flammable material made by treating cellulose with concentrated nitric acid, used to make explosives (e.g. guncotton) and celluloid.
- Nitrogen is an important component of common chemical explosives like TNT, nitroglycerin, gunpowder, guncotton, nitrocellulose, picric acid, and ammonium nitrate.
- This type of powder was created by dissolving nitrocellulose in ethyl acetate, and forming the round grains under water - much like the oil droplets formed when one shakes vegetable oil and vinegar to make salad dressing.
- Nitroglycerin can also be used in conjunction with gun cotton or nitrocellulose as a propellant in military applications.
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