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oligodendrocyte

Line breaks: oligo|dendro|cyte
Pronunciation: /ˌɒlɪɡə(ʊ)ˈdɛndrəsʌɪt
 
/

Definition of oligodendrocyte in English:

noun

Anatomy
A glial cell similar to an astrocyte but with fewer protuberances, concerned with the production of myelin in the central nervous system.
Example sentences
  • There are also supporting tissues in the nervous system, known collectively as glia; for example, Schwann cells surround the axons of peripheral neurons, and oligodendrocytes and astrocytes ensheath the axons of central neurons.
  • These precursor cells develop from stem cells and are specialized so that they can form only two kinds of cells: astrocytes, which help support neurons and influence their activity, and oligodendrocytes, which produce myelin.
  • They successfully grew skin cells, smooth muscle cells, neurons and other nerve cells known as astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, and pigment producing cells called melanocytes, Reuters reports.

Origin

1930s: from oligodendroglia + -cyte.

Definition of oligodendrocyte in:

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