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orthogenesis

Line breaks: ortho|gen¦esis
Pronunciation: /ˌɔːθə(ʊ)ˈdʒɛnɪsɪs
 
/

Definition of orthogenesis in English:

noun

[mass noun] Biology , chiefly historical
Evolution in which variations follow a particular direction and are not merely sporadic and fortuitous.
Example sentences
  • Weidenreich tried to explain the seeming contradiction between isolated regional development and the unity of the human species by advancing the notion of orthogenesis, or directed evolution.
  • A once-popular hypothesized evolutionary mechanism was orthogenesis, in which change in organisms was due not to natural selection, but to internal directional trends within a lineage.
  • In contrast, other scientists imagine channeling, aka orthogenesis, to exist not only for individuals but also for species and for evolution: while there are lots of possibilities, the domain is restricted.

Derivatives

orthogenesist

1
noun
Example sentences
  • And a person who believes in evolution might be a devout Lamarckian or a pious Orthogenesist.

orthogenetic

2
Pronunciation: /-dʒɪˈnɛtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Basically, Newell rejected the common view according to which allometry implies nonadaptive, or orthogenetic evolution.
  • The fuel in his orthogenetic engine is ‘mutation bias’. Mutation produces novel phenotypes, but it does not produce all novel phenotypes in equal frequency in a given population.
  • Most American biologists had a looser expectation - that some progressive, or ‘orthogenetic’, force guided life in certain directions, most notably toward humanity and Anglo-American civilization.

orthogenetically

3
Pronunciation: /-dʒɪˈnɛtɪk(ə)li/
adverb
Example sentences
  • These three groups evolved orthogenetically and remained very similar.

Definition of orthogenesis in:

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