adjective[usually postpositive] chiefly historical
1(Of an official or feudal lord) having local authority that elsewhere belongs only to a sovereign.
- The earls and bishops palatine were powerful men, but subjects they remained.
- In Chester the palatine earl had a master serjeant of the Peace.
- An example of a palatine earl was William fitz Osbern, who was made earl of Hereford in 1066 or 1067.
1.1(Of a territory) subject to palatine authority.
- Speeding down the M6, we entered the county palatine of Lancashire.
- The county of Cornwall, although not normally reckoned a palatine county, has a similar status to Lancashire.
- It also undertakes various administrative duties associated with the area of the historical County Palatine of Lancaster.
Late Middle English: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatinus 'of the palace'.
Relating to the palate or the palatine bone.
- The two tonsillar pillars define the palatine tonsils anteriorly and posteriorly.
- The blood supply of the palate is provided anteriorly through the incisor foramen and posteriorly through the great palatine foramen where the great palatine artery emerges.
- Symptoms of strep throat may include pharyngeal erythema and swelling, tonsillar exudate, edematous uvula, palatine petechiae, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy.
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(also palatine bone) Each of two bones within the skull forming parts of the eye socket, the nasal cavity, and the hard palate.
- The palatines are dermal bones in the mid-palate.
- No vomers or palatines are preserved in any phlegethontiid.
- The palatines lie between the suborbital fenestrae, with the anterior palatine processes forming a short V-shaped wedge.
Mid 17th century: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatum 'palate'.
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