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pantheon

Line breaks: pan|theon
Pronunciation: /ˈpanθɪən
 
/

Definition of pantheon in English:

noun

1All the gods of a people or religion collectively: the deities of the Hindu pantheon
More example sentences
  • This makes Hinduism unique in the sense that it is a monotheistic religion with a pantheon of manifested forms of God.
  • Here in America, there is a growing acceptance of Islam and other non-western religions into the holy pantheon.
  • It is directed to a pantheon of deities, gods and goddesses, each of whom are housed in their own shrine.
1.1(Especially in ancient Greece and Rome) a temple dedicated to all the gods.
Example sentences
  • The enormous building, called the Pantheon, was built as a temple to all the Roman gods almost 2,000 years ago.
  • The Roman Pantheon is the most preserved and influential building of ancient Rome. It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome.
2A group of famous or important people: the pantheon of the all-time greats
More example sentences
  • It is populated by a pantheon of upper-middle class aesthetes, running the full gamut from self-indulgence to self-pity, gold-digging doctors and junkie beggars.
  • IN THE pantheon of rock family dynasties, one surely stands head and shoulders above the others.
  • I have been accumulating bits and pieces of information on Skurt Doyle for many years, always conscious of his importance in the pantheon of local sporting legends of the past.
2.1A building in which the illustrious dead of a nation are buried or honoured.
Example sentences
  • This is a proposal to create an Aosdána-style pantheon to honour major artists - although even here there is confusion over whether this should be an initiative to help up-and-coming artists.
  • Johnson reckons there should be a special place reserved for Nairn on any new national pantheon built after Scotland regains its proper statehood.

Origin

late Middle English (referring especially to the Pantheon, a large circular temple in Rome): via Latin from Greek pantheion, from pan 'all' + theion 'holy' (from theos 'god').

More
  • enthusiasm from (early 17th century):

    The origin of enthusiasm is Greek enthous ‘possessed by a god, inspired’, from theos ‘god’, which is the root of many words including atheist (mid 16th century), pantheon (Old English), and theology. Until relatively recently enthusiasm, enthusiast, and enthusiastic had stronger and less favourable meanings than they do today. Enthusiasm was originally, in the early 17th century, religious mania or divine inspiration, often involving ‘speaking in tongues’ and wild, uncontrollable behaviour. An enthusiast was a religious fanatic or fundamentalist, or a hypocrite pretending to be one. Over the next hundred years or so the force of enthusiasm and its related words weakened so that they arrived at something like our modern meanings.

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