Definition of particle in English:

particle

Line breaks: par|ticle
Pronunciation: /ˈpɑːtɪk(ə)l
 
/

noun

1A minute portion of matter: tiny particles of dust
More example sentences
  • Uncatchables were like magnets for loose electrons, and whenever they became solid, it was because they had attracted all of the minute particles of matter in the area towards them.
  • It is true that Newton did suggest that if we could know the forces that operate on the minute particles of matter, we could understand why macroscopic processes occur in the ways they do.
  • Cloud seeding is a snowmaking technique that discharges minute particles of a chemical called iodide into winter storm clouds to create snow.
Synonyms
bit, tiny bit, piece, tiny piece, speck, spot, fleck, dot, atom, molecule; mote, fragment, sliver, splinter
1.1 (also subatomic or elementary particle) Physics Any of numerous subatomic constituents of the physical world that interact with each other, including electrons, neutrinos, photons, and alpha particles.
More example sentences
  • Counting photons, particles that carry electromagnetic energy including X-rays, was critical to this discovery.
  • Electrical power can be related to the Planck constant, defined as the ratio between the frequency of an electromagnetic particle such as a photon of light and its energy.
  • In addition, they must consider the electrons not as particles, but as quantum mechanical waves.
1.2 Mathematics A hypothetical object having mass but no physical size.
More example sentences
  • At that time he made the claim, for the first time, that the particle had zero mass.
  • The view which I am so bold to put forth considers radiation as a high species of vibration in the lines of force which are known to connect particles, and also masses of matter together.
  • A mechanism which gives mass to the particles by allowing them to interact with a field was first suggested by Peter Higgs.
2 [with negative] The least possible amount: he agrees without hearing the least particle of evidence
Synonyms
iota, jot, whit, bit, scrap, shred, crumb, morsel, mite, atom, drop, hint, touch, trace, suggestion, whisper, suspicion, scintilla, grain, tittle, jot or tittle; any; Irishstim
informal smidgen, smidge, tad
archaic scantling, scruple
3 Grammar (In English) any of the class of words such as in, up, off, over, used with verbs to make phrasal verbs.
More example sentences
  • If no special emphasis is employed, the adverbial particle in a phrasal verb proper is stressed: to píck úp a bóok/píck a bóok úp.
  • Maybe, as a result of this, sentences occasionally miss main verbs or particles get mislaid, but blogging is Hell, soldier.
  • The third shared feature is that where there is more than one particle accompanying a verb, the particles always have a fixed order before the verb: tense-mood-aspect.
3.1(In ancient Greek) any of a class of words used for contrast and emphasis, such as de and ge.
More example sentences
  • These are considered particles and they're placed at the end of a sentence, usually to signify a certain attitudinal meaning or intonation.
  • Such a particle would generally be included in a grammar in a post-compositional pragmatic component, but, surprisingly, like also affects basic semantic attributes.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin particula 'little part', diminutive of pars, part-.

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Word of the day flippant
Pronunciation: ˈflipənt
adjective
not showing a serious or respectful attitude