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patella

Line breaks: pa|tella
Pronunciation: /pəˈtɛlə
 
/

Definition of patella in English:

noun (plural patellae /-liː/)

Anatomy
The kneecap.
Example sentences
  • The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body and provides increased mechanical advantage for knee extension.
  • The joint is held in place by ligaments and covered at the front by the patella (kneecap).
  • Tendons - these are tough bands that join the muscles of the upper and lower leg, and also hold the patella (knee cap) in place.

Origin

late 16th century: from Latin, diminutive of patina 'shallow dish', from Greek patanē (see paten).

Derivatives

patellar

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Physical examination revealed pale skin and mucous membranes, as well as bilaterally decreased patellar and Achilles tendon reflexes.
  • The capsule also is reinforced in front by the patellar and quadriceps tendons and posteriorly by the popliteus and gastrocnemius muscles.
  • The combined tendon of quadriceps attaches to the superior and medial borders of the patella, and in part in front and beyond the patella to join the patellar ligament.

patellate

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • Thus, calice size may have been a factor (as discussed below), along with having a larger area for distribution of weight, which may account for the abundance of trochoid and patellate shapes in H. halli living on and in soft mud.

Definition of patella in:

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