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peasant

Line breaks: peas|ant
Pronunciation: /ˈpɛz(ə)nt
 
/

Definition of peasant in English:

noun

1A poor smallholder or agricultural labourer of low social status (chiefly in historical use or with reference to subsistence farming in poorer countries): [as modifier]: peasant farmers
More example sentences
  • As a result, poor peasants might find themselves paying their dues to a wealthy peasant, and never see the lord at all.
  • They set out the next day and at evening approached a small hut from which a poor peasant emerged.
  • The victims were from a group of poor peasants who had occupied a 49-acre plot of land.
Synonyms
agricultural worker, small farmer, rustic, son of the soil, countryman, countrywoman, farmhand, swain, villein, serf;
Frenchpaysan;
Russianmuzhik, kulak;
Spanishcampesino, paisano;
Italiancontadino;
Egyptian fellah;
Indian ryot
archaic carl, cottier, kern, hind
1.1 informal An ignorant, rude, or unsophisticated person: ‘That is a civilized drink, you peasant’
Synonyms
lout, boor, oaf, clown, churl, yokel, bumpkin, country bumpkin, village idiot, provincial, barbarian;
informal clod, clodhopper, yahoo
North American informal hayseed, hick, rube, hillbilly
Australian informal ocker
Australian/New Zealand informal hoon
rare bucolic

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French paisent 'country dweller', from pais 'country', based on Latin pagus 'country district'.

Derivatives

peasantry

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Feudal lords were authorized to collect taxes from the peasantry.
  • So why should they care about the plight of the peasantry?
  • A triple blow has hit the country's rural proletariat and peasantry.

peasanty

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • It is robust, peasanty and rustic with all the feel-good, comfort qualities of home-made food, but more interesting and commendably professional than your own, all too familiar efforts.
  • A starter of bucatini (a slightly hollow spaghetti) with squid was altogether more peasanty.
  • For a quick cheat, I think this recipe has a fairly peasanty feel to it.

Definition of peasant in:

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Pronunciation: jônt
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a short excursion or journey for pleasure