Definition of perfunctory in English:

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Pronunciation: /pəˈfʌŋ(k)t(ə)ri/


(Of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort: he gave a perfunctory nod
More example sentences
  • Still, if her attempts to marry wealth are perfunctory, her efforts to increase hers are disastrous.
  • Anyone with even the most perfunctory interest in classical music will have their own favourite Mozart piece.
  • However, this poor, perfunctory effort will do the band more harm than good.
cursory, desultory;
quick, brief, hasty, hurried, rapid, passing, fleeting, summary;
token, casual, superficial, uninterested, careless, half-hearted, unthinking, sketchy, mechanical, automatic, routine, offhand, indifferent, inattentive;



Pronunciation: /pəˈfʌŋ(k)t(ə)rɪli/
Example sentences
  • Almost perfunctorily, the Prime Minister began yesterday's session with a quick run-through of how asylum-seeker applications had genuinely fallen and how public services were genuinely on the mend.
  • Senior officials will only refer to its essence in public lectures and fora perfunctorily and only in passing and concentrate more on questions of organisation.
  • Yet the plot devices are so slapdash, and key developments are tossed off so perfunctorily, that it seems the author didn't even have the time to write us a good bad book.


Pronunciation: /pəˈfʌŋ(k)t(ə)rɪnəs/
Example sentences
  • This Polish-Thai gastronomic centaur signals either overinventiveness or a commendable resistance to good cooking's greatest foe, perfunctoriness.
  • The other leaders of the democracy movement protested at the severity of the sentence and the perfunctoriness of the trial, but few openly supported his political demands.
  • What is notable about the commentary in this instance is its utter perfunctoriness.


Late 16th century: from late Latin perfunctorius 'careless', from Latin perfunct- 'done with, discharged', from the verb perfungi.

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Line breaks: per|func¦tory

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