Share this entry

Share this page

petrify

Line breaks: pet|rify
Pronunciation: /ˈpɛtrɪfʌɪ
 
/

Definition of petrify in English:

verb (petrifies, petrifying, petrified)

[with object]
1Change (organic matter) into a stony substance by encrusting or replacing it with a calcareous, siliceous, or other mineral deposit.
Example sentences
  • The chemical components used to artificially petrify wood can be found in natural settings around volcanoes and within sedimentary strata.
  • As the ham was petrified within ‘historic time’, it was excluded on the basis of the first of these definitions from being called a fossil.
  • The charcoal had kept the hull dry and the salt had petrified it.
Synonyms
2Make (someone) so frightened that they are unable to move: his icy controlled quietness petrified her
More example sentences
  • You are petrified of letting people see how vulnerable you can be and have a very bad case of stage fright.
  • I am petrified of heights and last year did an abseil which I found really scary.
  • But I'm also petrified of joblessness, insecurity, and drastic changes happening all at once.
Synonyms
terrified, terror-stricken, terror-struck, horrified, horror-stricken, horror-struck, scared/frightened out of one's wits, scared witless, scared/frightened to death, aghast, appalled;
paralysed, stunned, stupefied, transfixed, benumbed, frozen
terrify, horrify, frighten, scare, scare to death, scare someone out of their wits, scare witless, scare the living daylights out of, frighten the life out of, strike terror into, fill with fear, put the fear of God into, make someone's blood run cold, chill someone's blood, panic, throw into a panic, alarm, appal;
paralyse, stun, stupefy, transfix
informal scare the pants off
British informal throw into a blue funk, put the wind up
archaic affright

Origin

late Middle English: from French pétrifier, from medieval Latin petrificare, from Latin petra 'rock', from Greek.

More
  • The original sense of petrify was ‘to convert into stone’, from the Latin and Greek root petra ‘rock’. The sense ‘to terrify, astonish’ dates from the mid 17th century. Petroleum is from the same source—it is found in rocks. The second part is Latin oleumolive oil’ ( see oil).

Words that rhyme with petrify

electrifygentrifyrarefy

Definition of petrify in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day emulous
Pronunciation: ˈemyələs
adjective
seeking to emulate or imitate someone or something