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phagocytosis

Line breaks: phago|cyt¦osis
Pronunciation: /ˌfaɡə(ʊ)sʌɪˈtəʊsɪs
 
/

Definition of phagocytosis in English:

noun

[mass noun] Biology
The ingestion of bacteria or other material by phagocytes and amoeboid protozoans.
Example sentences
  • Destruction of the red cells occurs as a result of the red cell-bound autoantibodies to the Fc receptors on monocytes and macrophages; phagocytosis and cytotoxic lysis of the red cells subsequently occur.
  • In addition, these ligands markedly upregulated production of CD36, a scavenger receptor that regulates phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils.
  • Fc receptors mediate various effects on immune cells, including proliferation of B cells and phagocytosis by phagocytes.

Derivatives

phagocytize

1
Pronunciation: /ˈfaɡəsʌɪtʌɪz/
(also phagocytise) verb
Example sentences
  • The nodes contain macrophages, phagocytic cells that engulf (phagocytize) and destroy bacteria, dead tissue, and other foreign matter, removing them from the bloodstream.
  • Although dendritic cells phagocytize apoptotic and necrotic cells to the same degree, only engulfment of necrotic cells induces dendritic cell maturation.
  • In the case of the red blood cell, the useless heterochromatin is eventually ejected from the cell and phagocytized by macrophages.

phagocytose

2
Pronunciation: /ˈfaɡəsʌɪtəʊz/
verb
Example sentences
  • However, eventually cells break into fragments, forming apoptotic bodies that are phagocytosed by macrophages or neighboring reticuloendothelial cells.
  • In the resolving phase, the accumulated neutrophils undergo apoptosis and are subsequently phagocytosed by macrophages.
  • The patient's platelets were phagocytosed by her own neutrophilic granulocytes.

Definition of phagocytosis in:

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