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pharynx Line breaks: phar|ynx
Pronunciation: /ˈfarɪŋks/

Definition of pharynx in English:

noun (plural pharynges fəˈrɪn(d)ʒiːz)

1 Anatomy & Zoology The membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the oesophagus.
Example sentences
  • As specialists, we visualise the pharynx and upper oesophagus with mirrors and a flexible laryngoscope and use rigid endoscopy under anaesthesia, which is the gold standard for investigation of this difficult area.
  • Derived from the Greek for throat, the pharynx is the continuous space behind the nose and the mouth that leads down both to the passage for food and to the passage for air.
  • The pharynx is connected to the esophagus and the larynx.
1.1 Zoology The part of the alimentary canal immediately behind the mouth in invertebrates.
Example sentences
  • C. elegans is a soil-dwelling nematode that takes in food through a neuromuscular organ, the pharynx.
  • Feeding flatworms extend a long pharynx out of their mouths. This tube leads directly into the digestive tract.
  • The pharynx is a long, narrow, almost vertical tube extending dorsally from the mouth. The pharynx dilator muscle extends from the pharynx to the midline of the carapace. Contractions of this muscle dilate the pharynx and draw liquid food in through the mouth from the preoral cavity.


Late 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek pharunx, pharung-.

Words that rhyme with pharynx


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