Definition of philosophy in English:

philosophy

Line breaks: phil|oso¦phy
Pronunciation: /fɪˈlɒsəfi
 
/

noun (plural philosophies)

  • 1 [mass noun] The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline. See also natural philosophy.
    More example sentences
    • Theology ‘is an academic discipline like philosophy, English literature or the classics,’ he said.
    • One of the fundamental tasks of philosophy has always been to determine what belongs to nature.
    • Those who question the existence of African philosophy argue that philosophy is rooted in epistemology and metaphysics.
  • 1.1 [count noun] A particular system of philosophical thought: the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle
    More example sentences
    • At Jena, Hegel published a long pamphlet on the differences between the philosophies of Fichte and Schelling: in every case, in his opinion, Schelling's view was to be preferred.
    • Compatibilist philosophies seek to reconcile free will and determinism in a modern time.
    • This is because traditional notions of determinism in positivist and empiricist philosophies of science produced the odd idea that causation in the human world is agent-less and is not a force.
  • 1.2The study of the theoretical basis of a particular branch of knowledge or experience: the philosophy of science
    More example sentences
    • This is a distinction central to the branch of the philosophy of social science known as epistemology (simply defined as the study of how we can claim to know something).
    • One explanation looks to the institutional and disciplinary history of theoretical physics and the philosophy of science.
    • The philosophy of science deals with philosophical issues that arise in connection with science.
    Synonyms
    thinking, reasoning, thought, wisdom, knowledge

Origin

Middle English: from Old French philosophie, via Latin from Greek philosophia 'love of wisdom'.

More definitions of philosophy

Definition of philosophy in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day astrogation
Pronunciation: ˌastrəˈgāSHən
noun
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space