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phosphorylate Line breaks: phos|phor¦yl|ate
Pronunciation: /fɒsˈfɒrɪleɪt/

Definition of phosphorylate in English:


[with object] chiefly Biochemistry
Introduce a phosphate group into (a molecule or compound): glucose is normally phosphorylated as soon as it enters the cell
More example sentences
  • This flavoprotein is a serine-threonine protein kinase able to phosphorylate its serine and threonine residues.
  • Following sucrose cleavage by invertase, the liberated glucose and fructose are phosphorylated before undergoing further metabolism.
  • These kinases have various substrates and have been shown to phosphorylate such diverse proteins as transcription factors, metabolic enzymes, ion pumps and cytoskeletal components.



Pronunciation: /fɒsfɒrɪˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
Example sentences
  • Cytochrome oxidases are the terminal enzymes of aerobic electron transport phosphorylation.
  • In animal cells serine, threonine and tyrosine are the amino acids subject to phosphorylation.
  • As expected, casein phosphorylation occurred on serine and threonine residues.

Definition of phosphorylate in:

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