Definition of pigment in English:

pigment

Line breaks: pig|ment
Pronunciation: /ˈpɪgm(ə)nt
 
/

noun

1The natural colouring matter of animal or plant tissue: carotenoid pigments are red, orange, or yellow [mass noun]: the loss of pigment in the skin
More example sentences
  • Sources for pigments were animals, plants and minerals.
  • Lycopene is a red pigment that occurs naturally in certain plant and algal tissues.
  • Variegation in leaves is caused by a loss of light absorbing pigments in the plant cells.
1.1A substance used for colouring or painting, especially a dry powder, which when mixed with oil, water, or another medium constitutes a paint or ink: all the frescoes are painted with earth pigments
More example sentences
  • In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.
  • Evan chose his pigments and applied his paints parsimoniously.
  • She uses layers of hot beeswax tinted with oil paint and pigments, in bright hues of yellow, red, brown and orange, to make abstract works with texture and dimension.
Synonyms
colouring matter, colouring agent, colouring, colourant, colour, tint, dye, dyestuff, stain

verb

[with object] (usually as adjective pigmented) Back to top  
Colour (something) with or as if with pigment: precast pigmented concrete panels
More example sentences
  • In red wines there are usually sufficient adsorbed tannins and pigmented tannins to colour the crystals reddish brown and to ensure that they are small and irregular in shape.
  • According to my reference sources, albino birds are extremely rare in the wild, and they also tend to be attacked by the normally pigmented members of their flock.
  • As an unstably pigmented American, I had to endure both freckles and the early loss of hair color.

Origin

Middle English, from Latin pigmentum, from pingere 'to paint'. The verb dates from the early 20th century.

Derivatives

pigmentary

adjective
More example sentences
  • No scarring or pigmentary alteration was seen in any study patient.
  • The main risks to the other lasers are the pigmentary changes, either slightly lighter or darker skin that is usually temporary, swelling for a few days or superficial flaking of the skin or sometimes blistering.
  • Thus, greater pigmentary changes were observed in the forehead compared to the forearm, a finding compatible with the greater distribution of melanocytes in this anatomic area.

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