- 1A part, share, or number considered in comparative relation to a whole: the proportion of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is risingMore example sentences
- Improbable though it sounds, this attitude appears to be shared by a proportion of companies in almost every sector of the British economy.
- What I said was they were given proportionally, and the member's proportion was correct.
- There is also little agreement over what proportion of a prison population needs to be locked up in this way.
- 1.1The relationship of one thing to another in terms of quantity, size, or number; ratio: the proportion of examination to coursework the bleach can be diluted with water in the proportion one part bleach to ten parts waterMore example sentences
ratio, distribution, relative amount/number; relationship
- Thus the ratio of the proportions of deleterious mutations and nonsynonymous sites to that at synonymous sites is 6.6: 1.
- Medieval theories of ratios and proportions and of the intension and remission of forms were applied to problems of motion.
- The odds ratio is the same whichever way round we look at the table, but the difference and ratio of proportions are not.
- 1.2 (proportions) The comparative measurements or size of different parts of a whole: the view of what constitutes perfect bodily proportions changes from one generation to the nextMore example sentences
- Eyes with choroidal neovascularisation may exhibit different proportions of classic and occult leakage.
- The emphasis on correct proportions, angles, different values and sheens have created one of the most intriguing collections in the industry.
- Thinking back, I could see their resemblance in some ways to the starlings I knew, though they were notably different in structure, proportions, and behavior.
- 1.3 (proportions) Dimensions; size: the room, despite its ample proportions, seemed too small for himMore example sentences
- To my mind this was the defining moment in the great India-Pakistan cricketing divide when contests assumed proportions and dimensions other than mere sport.
- She was small; petite, some might say, in terms of proportions.
- Her relationships assume other proportions even as the country goes through the throes of upheaval.
- 1.4 [mass noun] The correct, attractive, or ideal relationship between one thing and another or between the parts of a whole: perceptions of colour, form, harmony, and proportionMore example sentences
- Dürer, the first artist in the North to take up these studies, was obsessed throughout his life by the search for ideal proportion.
- Fashion may have changed over the years, but the pursuit of that ideal body proportion has not.
- The curtain style can make or break the total harmony and proportion of a room, and we are constantly asked how to choose the most appropriate style for a window.
verb[with object] • formal Back to top
- Adjust or regulate (something) so that it has a particular or suitable relationship to something else: a life after death in which happiness can be proportioned to virtueMore example sentences
- The results of these and previous studies have enabled the authors to establish a system of proportioning the asphalt mixture, which is suitable for application in the various climate areas of China.
- It's a system they've worked out proportioning points based on pedigree and performance.
- To me it smatters of human beings proportioning human qualities of emotion and behaviour to an animal.
- 1According to a particular relationship in size, amount, or degree: the pension was docked in proportion to earningsMore example sentences
- Once they compensated for this response, the team deciphered the crumpled sheet's behavior and found that the force required for compression increases in proportion to the size of the scrunched sheet raised to a negative power.
- This pair of 3D models show what a man would look like if his body parts were sized in proportion to the area of the brain concerned with its sensory perception or its movement.
- A big note needs a big stick to create the correct effect and the sizes go down in proportion with the notes.
- 1.1In comparison with; in relation to: the cuckoo’s eggs are unusually small in proportion to its sizeMore example sentences
relative to, proportionate to, proportional to, commensurate with, corresponding to
- Through much of the eighteenth century, muntins, the thin bars that divide panes of glass in a window sash, were relatively shallow in proportion to their depth.
- Modulation involves raising or lowering the frequency of the carrier wave in proportion to the analogue signal.
- It seems that the risks then are higher in proportion to the actual benefit these masts will provide.
- 2In the correct or appropriate relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: her figure was completely in proportionMore example sentences
- He said other studies of female attractiveness showed that when images of real women are examined, whether their figure is in proportion was considered the most important feature.
- The argument for authenticity also hinges on the assumption that the footprints show a foot skeleton unique in proportion relative to human feet.
- Accuracy in proportion and a high level of anatomical detail are equally important.
- 2.1Correctly or realistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness: the problem of hooliganism has to be kept in proportionMore example sentences
- By all accounts, it was an isolated incident involving at worst only one or two people in a crowd of 1,600, so it must be kept in proportion.
- However, the threat must be kept in proportion.
- Impressive as the quantities of imports from outside Europe undoubtedly were, they still need to be kept in proportion.
out of proportion
- In the wrong relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: the sculpture seemed out of proportion to its surroundingsMore example sentences
- The proposed nursery, which is on a separate site, introduces yet another over-large feature which is out of proportion to the existing village.
- Coming from a small country like England, it's both overwhelming and awesome to arrive in a land that is so massively out of proportion to my day to day experiences.
- The steel and glass facade faces a historic brick building, rendering it completely out of proportion.
- Wrongly or unrealistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness: you’re getting things completely out of proportion—my decision had nothing to do with him the award was out of all proportion to the alleged libelMore example sentences
- That's the problem with assigning numbers or stars: their relative importance gets blown out of proportion.
- Maria said she kept ‘catastrophising’ everything and even the most minor upsets were blown completely out of proportion.
- I don't know when they think we should have paid the rates as I haven't had the bill, but it can't have been more than a week or so overdue so a summons seems completely out of proportion.
sense of proportion
- The ability to judge the relative importance or seriousness of things: just talking about it will help you to keep a sense of proportionMore example sentences
- While it is important to document and acknowledge the shortcomings of public figures, it is also important to maintain a sense of proportion.
- It is important to keep a sense of proportion about these things and, it seems to me, there are times when our elders and betters lose the run of themselves.
- Thus Herodotus tried by means of his reportage to consolidate the most important message of Greek ethics: restraint, a sense of proportion and moderation.
late Middle English: from Old French, from Latin proportio(n-), from pro portione 'in respect of (its or a person's) share'.