- 1The action of mentioning or alluding to something: he made reference to the enormous power of the mass media [count noun]: references to Darwinism and evolutionMore example sentences
- They walked in the direction of the barn as he made reference to meeting her models for the project.
- The extent to which folk medicine, which I've made reference to, is practiced is a measure of the quality of the medical service available in that community.
- It is clear that both Messier and Bronfman had the TimeWarner / AOL model in mind when they made reference to music unfolding on the Internet.
- 1.1 [count noun] A mention or citation of a source of information in a book or article: each chapter should have references to books covering the subject in greater depthMore example sentences
- This state of affairs can be achieved by reading the trade papers for a couple of years, and by reading some of the books mentioned in the references section of this essay.
- It makes it possible to discover books that have references or sections or chapters that are of interest to you even though the book as a whole may not be.
- Not that the book lacks citations, references and footnotes.
- 1.2 [count noun] A source of information cited in a book or article.More example sentences
- The reference table stores the bibliographic information for the references cited during interpretation and compilation.
- Perhaps Shann could have been more specific for the sake of those readers who do not have the time to seek out all the articles cited as references.
- We conducted an extensive secondary search of references cited in publications identified in the above searches.
- 2The use of a source of information in order to ascertain something: popular works of reference [as modifier]: a reference workMore example sentences
- It may be either a market value, if the dog has any, or some special or pecuniary value to the owner, that may be ascertained by reference to the usefulness and services of the dog.
- So good is it that I've put it in the sidebar under ‘Information’ for permanent reference.
- That work was then put on video and stored as an invaluable source of reference.
- 2.1The sending of a matter to an authority for decision or consideration: the publishers reprinted and sold the work without reference to the authorMore example sentences
- The decision was taken without reference to the members who should have been made aware that a funding difficulty existed.
- It is clear the applicant made a deliberate decision, without reference to planning officers, to implement changes.
- We were left to make many decisions without reference to the office back in the city.
- 3 [count noun] A letter from a previous employer testifying to someone’s ability or reliability, used when applying for a new job: I was dismissed from the library, but with a good referenceMore example sentences
- Mr Bradshaw handed in references from a previous employer which spoke of her reliability and honesty.
- She's really down to earth and has fantastic references from her previous employers.
- ‘I think any employer would want to do a fairly thorough check of references of previous employers of an individual,’ said Mitchell.
verb[with object] Back to top
- 1Provide (a book or article) with citations of sources of information: each chapter is referenced, citing literature up to 1990More example sentences
- The new book is excellently referenced from sources past and present.
- With the exception of the modeling papers, most articles are well referenced with conclusions clearly supported by the data furnished.
- I really appreciated your well-researched and referenced article on Ashcroft and the separation of church and state.
- 2Mention or refer to: the media referenced our association in almost 40 articlesMore example sentences
- The service is undergoing a rapid expansion to 20 or more blogs (as he mentions in the comment referenced above).
- I only found out about it when a couple of people e-mailed me referencing it - and when a work colleague mentioned it to me in the pub.
- In my time spent here I have heard Canada referenced a total of four times in the mainstream media.
for future reference
- For use at a later date: she lodged this idea in the back of her mind for future referenceMore example sentences
- You have to look at each book carefully - not casually - internalise the contents, then stow it away in your mind for future reference.
- As an observer, I study each animal and enclosure design, take note and photos for future reference, then relax and watch my quarry.
- This lengthy description of London's Senate House, designed by Charles Holden, is a perfect example, a good read to bookmark for future reference.
terms of reference
with (or in) reference to
- In relation to; as regards: war can only be explained with reference to complex social factorsMore example sentences
- My connection to farming can't be explained with reference to everyday Swiss life.
- Some people try to explain this with reference to some natural phenomenon, such as a solar eclipse.
- I write with reference to letters in the Guardian recently regarding road cleaning or, more precisely, the lack of it.