Definition of revolution in English:

revolution

Line breaks: revo|lu¦tion
Pronunciation: /rɛvəˈluːʃ(ə)n
 
/

noun

1A forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favour of a new system: the country has had a socialist revolution
More example sentences
  • By the end of the war, Woodrow Wilson hoped for a liberal revolution in Germany, whereas the Bolsheviks anticipated a socialist revolution.
  • They regard the 1917 Russian revolution as merely a capitalist revolution overthrowing feudalism.
  • This was necessitated by the severe economic problems the country faced in the aftermath of the civil war and the defeat of socialist revolutions in Europe.
Synonyms
rebellion, revolt, insurrection, mutiny, uprising, riot, rioting, rising, insurgence, insurgency, coup, overthrow, seizure of power, regime change; subversion, sedition, anarchy, disorder, protest, strike, act of resistance, act of defiance; Frenchcoup d'état; Germanputsch
rare jacquerie
1.1 (often the Revolution) (In Marxism) the class struggle which is expected to lead to political change and the triumph of communism: when I grew up it was the Marxism that was very strong, it was like the revolution was coming next week
More example sentences
  • They, too, saw a need to keep the Kadets on the side of the Revolution.
  • Louis was now a prisoner of the Revolution and an enemy of the Revolution.
  • But the Revolution has not yet fulfilled its tasks.
1.2A dramatic and wide-reaching change in conditions, attitudes, or operation: marketing underwent a revolution
More example sentences
  • The materials revolution led to a dramatic and sudden decrease in the cost of building bridges up to 1000m in span a decade ago, and as a consequence we have seen these new kinds of bridges cropping up everywhere.
  • While there may be a few scattered news operations that the revolution has not yet touched, the profession has undergone a technological transformation.
  • This is also a cultural question, and Nigeria needs as much a revolution in attitudes and thinking as it does in new legislation or new measures.
Synonyms
dramatic change, radical change, drastic/radical alteration, complete shift, sea change, metamorphosis, transformation, conversion, innovation, breakaway; reorganization, restructuring, reformation, remodelling, rearrangement, reorientation, regrouping, redistribution; upheaval, upset, disruption, convulsions, cataclysm
informal shake-up
North American informal shakedown
2An instance of revolving: one revolution a second
More example sentences
  • The Blazer also has a maximum power of 138 horsepower at 5,600 revolutions per minute (rpm).
  • When you have a hamster in your head than runs on its wheel at 300 revolutions a second, you certainly don't have to plan your stand-up act.
  • The researchers initiated this process by feeding their rotors with ATP, and saw them revolve under the microscope at around five revolutions per second.
Synonyms
single turn, turn, rotation, circle, whirl, twirl, spin, wheel, roll, round, cycle, circuit, lap
2.1 [mass noun] The movement of an object in a circular or elliptical course around another or about an axis or centre: revolution about the axis of rotation
More example sentences
  • In this work Dionysodorus calculates the volume of a torus and shows that it is equal to the product of the area of the generating circle with the length of the circle traced by its centre rotating about the axis of revolution.
  • There are three distinct types of spiric surfaces depending whether the axis of revolution cuts the circle, it a tangent to the circle, or is outside the circle.
  • Earth has also tidally locked the Moon, leaving it with identical periods of rotation on its axis and revolution around Earth.
Synonyms
turning, gyration, rotation, circumrotation, wheeling, turning around, circling, whirling, twirling, spinning, swivelling, rolling, orbital motion, orbiting, orbit
rare circumgyration
2.2A single orbit of one object around another or about an axis or centre: near the solar equator the sun takes about 26 days to complete one revolution
More example sentences
  • Before I do this, I have to revisit science concepts and make sure I understand orbits, rotations, revolutions and seasons.
  • For example, the Hilda asteroids circle the Sun three times for every two revolutions of Jupiter.
  • Since the rotations and revolutions of the moon were different from Earth, an artificial sky, sun, and moon were set up to simulate Earth.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French, or from late Latin revolutio(n-), from revolvere 'roll back' (see revolve).

Derivatives

revolutionism

noun
More example sentences
  • But it conveys on Godard's part an unearned sense of being let down by them; like his revolutionism, his disillusionment with revolution has something brattish about it.
  • Yet by and large, today's Shiite clerics in Iraq view the revolutionism of their predecessors as outdated, and few yearn to implement those designs in Iraq.
  • From the anarchism of his youth to the apocalyptic Catholicism of later years, McAuley always found it hard to resist the lure of revolutionism.

revolutionist

noun
More example sentences
  • They were what used to be called insurrectionists, but they probably wouldn't have minded being called Marxist and/or anarchist rebels, revolutionists, liberationists… you get the sort of thing.
  • The New City rooms have been essential live venues since their opening in 1997, drawing everyone from the legendary Bad Brains to Czech revolutionists Uz Jsme Doma, while serving as an incubator for some of Edmonton's finest acts.
  • ‘Remember, remember always,’ he said, ‘that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists.’

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