Definition of roast in English:


Line breaks: roast
Pronunciation: /rəʊst


[with object]
  • 1Cook (food, especially meat) by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire: she was going to roast a leg of mutton for Sunday dinner (as adjective roasted) roasted chestnuts
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    • The pages for January show children sledding with homemade wooden sleds, roasting apples over an open fire and pulling taffy.
    • Menu trends often highlight roasted garlic, and the fiery food trend that has swept the nation has caused hot peppers to become well known to many consumers.
    • You can boil it or roast it over the fire, as you like.
  • 1.1 [no object] (Of food) be cooked by roasting: she checked the meat roasting in the oven for lunch
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    • After the lamb has been roasting for an hour, open the oven and add potatoes and white onions.
    • We were avoided by all the staff we saw and astonished at the lavish spread laid out for brunch, including an enormous cow on a spit, roasting in preparation for the evening's event.
    • Oval, with smooth, white-to-buff skin and white flesh, these are ideal for roasting, steaming, or boiling.
  • 1.2Process (a foodstuff, metal ore, etc.) by subjecting it to intense heat: decaffeinated coffee beans are roasted and ground
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    • In celebration of having company, we roasted coffee beans over an open fire in the afternoon.
    • Havana roasts some good beans, and the baristas know what to do with them.
    • I've had a call with a client saying, ‘We want to know that roasting cocoa beans will kill salmonella.’
  • 1.3Make or become very warm, especially through exposure to the heat of the sun or a fire: [with object]: the fire was hot enough to roast anyone who stood close to it [no object]: Jessica could feel her face begin to roast
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    • As we witness the people of Xenon, their houses destroyed by the battle and nearly roasted by a volcano, we are supposed to feel pity for these gamers and the loss of the computer system that caused the destruction.
    • On Monday I got roasted in the sun in Taunton.
  • 2 informal Criticize or reprimand severely: if you waste his time he’ll roast you
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    • Some of the edgier, underground-variety indie films released by Phaedra were roasted by the critics.
    • This is a movie whose brain belongs in its pants, and which deserves to be roasted for the turkey it truly is.
    • He is roasted as often as he is sainted, as when these actors discuss their estrangement from him.
  • 3North American informal Tease in a good-natured way.
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    • There's nothing better than seeing a celebrity get roasted, especially by a master such as Groucho.


[attributive] Back to top  
  • (Of food) having been roasted: a plate of cold roast beef
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    • In 1990s England, where chicken tikka masala has outstripped roast beef and Yorkshire pudding in popularity, Hogwarts exists in its own time warp.
    • The guardians must not get drunk and must have a simple diet, consisting of roast meat, and no sweets.
    • As a young chef arrives bearing dainty bowls of roast pumpkin soup, Gordon explains how the dish was prepared to concentrate the flavour.


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  • 1A joint of meat that has been roasted or that is intended for roasting: carving the Sunday roast
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    • Featured under this brand are steaks, roasts, ground meat, patties and prepared chili.
    • For best quality, cook ground bison within two days of purchase, and steaks and roasts within three to five days.
    • He loaded me up with six dozen huge brown eggs, a jar of homemade pear jam, and three packages of steaks and roasts - all in exchange for driving him.
  • 1.1 [mass noun] The process of roasting something, especially coffee, or the result of this: the roast is stopped when the colour is moderately dark brown [in singular]: round beans give a more even roast than the usual split beans
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    • The characteristic flavor of the coffee is dependent on its origin and the degree of roast.
    • A nice dark roast, I could tell the beans were fresh as soon as I opened the package.
  • 1.2 [with adjective] A particular type of roasted coffee: continental roasts
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    • As a matter of fact, on Good Morning America recently, Eight O'Clock Coffee beat some of the more expensive roasts out there.
    • On the roasted side, a medium roast will have a mellow or mild flavor impact, while a dark roast will be rich and heavier.
    • There were no cappuccinos, no macchiatos, not even a simple cup of French roast.
  • 1.3An outdoor party at which meat is roasted: Harold put on a terrific pig roast
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    • We can have big weenie roasts as the music plays and artists paint.
    • The tour will be followed at 5 p.m. by a hog roast with baked beans and dessert.
    • Let's say an enemy has invited all your gang to a weenie roast, and you want to sabotage the picnic.


Middle English: from Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.

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