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sarcoma

Line breaks: sar|coma
Pronunciation: /sɑːˈkəʊmə
 
/

Definition of sarcoma in English:

noun (plural sarcomas or sarcomata /sɑːˈkəʊmətə/)

Medicine
A malignant tumour of connective or other non-epithelial tissue.
Example sentences
  • Sebaceous cysts, fibromas, papillomas, adenomas, sarcomas, carcinomas, and melanomas also have been reported.
  • Dacarbazine is a chemotherapeutic agent that has been successfully applied to treat various types of cancer such as Hodgkin's disease, malignant melanomas, soft tissue sarcomas and advanced neuroblastomas.
  • The increases were recorded for virtually all tumour types in children, while in adolescents the major changes were seen for carcinomas, lymphomas, soft tissue sarcomas, germ-cell and CNS tumours.

Origin

early 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek sarkōma, from sarkoun 'become fleshy', from sarx, sark- 'flesh'.

Derivatives

sarcomatosis

1
Pronunciation: /sɑːˌkəʊməˈtəʊsɪs/
noun
Example sentences
  • When one encounters a patient with hydrocephalus with or without diffuse meningeal enhancement on radiologic studies, meningeal sarcomatosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • A phase-II study for abdominal sarcomatosis in 11 patients achieved a response in 45%, albeit the follow up was relatively short.
  • The angiographic findings in a case of metastatic meningeal carcinomatosis and a case of primary meningeal sarcomatosis are presented.

sarcomatous

2
Pronunciation: /sɑːˈkəʊmətəs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The carcinomatous component is almost always squamous cell carcinoma, and the sarcomatous component usually contains a pleomorphic spindle cell proliferation.
  • Composite malignant tumors containing both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components are known as carcinosarcomas.
  • To our knowledge, this carcinosarcoma is the seventh reported case of a primary pancreatic neoplasm with mixed carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements.

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