Definition of satire in English:

satire

Line breaks: sat¦ire
Pronunciation: /ˈsatʌɪə
 
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noun

[mass noun]
1The use of humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues: the crude satire seems to be directed at the fashionable protest singers of the time
More example sentences
  • Some pointed out the film's emotional power, others its use of irony and satire to criticize fascism.
  • Tan's mild political satire maintains a wry humour that complements the general comic tone.
  • Through humour, satire, and a range of experiments with language, the collection offers an oblique commentary on Caribbean society.
Synonyms
1.1 [count noun] A play, novel, film, or other work which uses satire: a stinging satire on American politics
More example sentences
  • The film is an incisive satire on religion and British society, with the Church of England hierarchy particularly coming in for a skewering.
  • Although set in the future, Owen's play is a satire on our preoccupation with surfaces.
  • The play is to be perceived as a satire on big business, which these piddling rogues try to emulate and, in their puny way, supposedly mirror.
Synonyms
1.2A genre of literature characterized by the use of satire: a number of articles on Elizabethan satire
More example sentences
  • He was a pioneer in various genres including satire, literary criticism, and drama.
  • In English literature, satire may be held to have begun with Chaucer, who was followed by many 15th-cent. writers, including Dunbar.
  • Like both satire and the sentimental, the uncanny as a literary category has been the subject of significant theoretical work.
1.3 [count noun] (In Latin literature) a literary miscellany, especially a poem ridiculing prevalent vices or follies.
More example sentences
  • My evidence for both of these assertions is to be found in a particular Horatian poem: number five in the first book of Horace's satires, commonly referred to as ‘A Journey to Brundisium.’
  • Horace's satire and Jonson's epigram have proven similarly resistant to efforts at critical appreciation.
  • For many readers, this moment of unexpected sexual explicitness drives the general grittiness of Horace's satire beyond the pale of propriety.

Origin

early 16th century: from French, or from Latin satira, later form of satura 'poetic medley'.

Derivatives

satirist

noun
More example sentences
  • As a satirist, the writer is unafraid of drawing aside the drapes of hypocrisy and sham that seem to safeguard middle-class ethics.
  • They bolster the poet's defense of the French monarchy and of his personal integrity, increasingly under attack by Protestant satirists.
  • Pound, old and in despair, described himself as merely a minor satirist.

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