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sclerenchyma

Line breaks: scler|en¦chyma
Pronunciation: /ˌsklɪəˈrɛŋkɪmə
 
, sklə-/

Definition of sclerenchyma in English:

noun

[mass noun] Botany
Strengthening tissue in a plant, formed from cells with thickened, typically lignified, walls.
Example sentences
  • It had larger cells and more sclerenchyma and collenchyma (supporting tissue) in between the vascular bundle and epidermal cells.
  • The exodermis and underlying layer of heavily lignified sclerenchyma of Oryza sativa is a constitutive feature.
  • In Cayenne, development of a solid, lignified disk of sclerenchyma across the receptacle was positively associated with ease of separation in a comparison of an easy pick and a hard pick genotypes.

Origin

mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek sklēros 'hard' + enkhuma 'infusion', on the pattern of parenchyma.

Derivatives

sclerenchymatous

1
Pronunciation: /ˌsklɪərɛŋˈkɪmətəs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The structural reinforcement of the sclerenchymatous tegmen and lignified endotesta also appears to be responsible for the unrolling of the recurved margins during imbibition.
  • The inner sheath, termed the sclerenchymatous bundle or mestome sheath, is colourless and contains thickened walls and extensive suberin lamella.
  • A conspicuous anatomical feature associated with pepper fruit ripening was the development of a plate of sclerenchymatous tissue in the separation zone.

Definition of sclerenchyma in:

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