Definition of sclerotium in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /sklɪəˈrəʊtɪəm/
Pronunciation: /skləˈrəʊtɪəm/

noun (plural sclerotia /sklɪəˈrəʊtɪə/ /skləˈrəʊtɪə/)

The hard dark resting body of certain fungi, consisting of a mass of hyphal threads, capable of remaining dormant for long periods.
Example sentences
  • In addition, many fungi are able to parasitize spores, sclerotia, or hyphae of other fungi, resulting in biocontrol.
  • The Chinese sometimes include zhu ling (they use the sclerotium rather than the fruiting body) as an ingredient in herbal tonic formulas.
  • It survives in soil as sclerotia or resting mycelium and is quite happy on many hosts, which allows it to survive for many years in the absence of soybeans.


Mid 19th century: modern Latin (former genus name), from Greek sklēros 'hard'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: scler|otium

Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.