Definition of single in English:

single

Line breaks: sin¦gle
Pronunciation: /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l
 
/

adjective

1 [attributive] Only one; not one of several: a single red rose the kingdom was ruled over by a single family
More example sentences
  • That may be true but remember those in a single income family face the same financial pressures as those with a double income.
  • Boredom among children is common in those families with a single child.
  • Now I keep trying to remind myself that some people are supporting whole families on a single income.
Synonyms
one, one only, sole, lone, solitary, isolated, by itself; unique, exclusive; unaccompanied, by oneself, alone, solo; odd
1.1Regarded as distinct from each other or others in a group: she wrote down every single word alcohol is the single most important cause of violence
More example sentences
  • They were talking to each other, but the engines were too loud to distinguish a single word from here.
  • Bryan and Kim had been silent, not saying a single word to each other the whole way back to Kim's house.
  • A person can communicate in so many ways without uttering a single word and they are understood clearly.
Synonyms
individual, separate, distinct, particular
1.2 [with negative] Even one (used for emphasis): they didn’t receive a single reply
More example sentences
  • Yet when I tried to follow it up with a series of letters I never received a single reply.
  • Well, I never received a single reply from Nova, not even a form letter.
  • Sorry for those who fear censorship but there is not a single mention in the document of the right to reply to opinions.
1.3Designed or suitable for one person: a single bed
More example sentences
  • Tracey has had to move into her three-year-old daughter, Sophie's, room and share her single bed.
  • Finally they find a dodgy motel that has some space, but the proprietor tells them the only room left contains one single bed.
  • Cell-like, there is just room for a single bed, a desk and a chest of drawers.
1.4 archaic Not accompanied by others; alone.
More example sentences
  • She was quite single and by herself.
2Unmarried or not involved in a stable sexual relationship: a single mother
More example sentences
  • Even unwed single mothers have said that they want more children than they have, even in an unwed state.
  • Being single after my last relationship has been a blessing.
  • One second I would remember that I had spent the last couple of months of our relationship wishing I was single.
Synonyms
unmarried, unwed, unwedded, unattached, free, without a partner/husband/wife, wifeless, husbandless, spouseless, partnerless, a bachelor, a spinster; on the shelf
archaic sole
3 [attributive] Consisting of one part: the studio was a single large room
More example sentences
  • My neighbour Hassan Sheikh lived on the terrace of his building, in a single room surrounded by cotes for his pigeons.
  • The project actually carried me a step closer to perfecting my single room living arrangement.
  • The main exhibition space occupies two of these boxes, but reads as a single room inside - it's a lot of effort for not much result.
3.1British (Of a ticket) valid for an outward journey only, not for the return: a first-class single ticket
More example sentences
  • First of all, it's the prices: £55.00 for a single ticket from Manchester to Norwich.
  • The £11 cash value of a single ticket was then removed, and the money was amassed over a long period of time.
  • Trouble is, single tickets are going up to £2.
3.2(Of a flower) having only one whorl of petals: the individual blooms can be single, semi-double, or fully double
More example sentences
  • Flower form can be single, semi-double, or fully double blooms that look similar to miniature roses.
3.3Denoting an alcoholic drink that consists of one measure of spirits: a single whisky
More example sentences
  • What we're talking about is a middy of beer, or a small glass of wine, or a single measure of spirits.
  • A single unit is half-a-pint of beer, a small glass of wine or a single measure of spirits.
4 archaic Free from duplicity or deceit; ingenuous: a pure and single heart
More example sentences
  • We must learn to have not only a clean and right heart but also a pure and single heart.

noun

Back to top  
1An individual person or thing rather than part of a pair or a group.
More example sentences
  • The end result is a photography of mythical proportions that is camouflaged in paint and operates in singles rather than multiples.
  • It is sold in singles for $5.95, with complete instructions to make the style of tassel shown here.
1.1A short record or CD featuring one main song or track.
More example sentences
  • There may be thousands of vinyl singles and long-playing albums stacked on shelves in the radio's library - but the days of loading vinyl on to a turntable are long gone.
  • Fame is winning a televised talent show with a song, and then releasing a couple of singles and an album or two.
  • She has already notched up three top 10 singles and is currently recording her second album in London.
1.2 (singles) People who are unmarried or not involved in a stable sexual relationship: the divorce rate is rising so you’ll see more singles in their late 30s and early 40s [as modifier]: a singles holiday
More example sentences
  • The UK's singles want relationships that don't involve their partners actually moving in, a new BBC survey has revealed.
  • All the profiles are from real singles seeking sincere relationships and will always remain that way.
  • He has publish Ebooks and articles on psychology, singles, relationships and Popular Culture.
1.3British A ticket that is valid only for an outward journey.
More example sentences
  • I could have bought a single on the train.
1.4A single measure of spirits.
More example sentences
  • Last night a Wetherspoon spokesman admitted that offering doubles rather than singles was standard practice in all the company's pubs.
1.5US informal A one-dollar note.
More example sentences
  • Do you have any singles?
2A play that scores one point, in particular:
2.1 Cricket A hit for one run.
More example sentences
  • He provided his usual limpet-like support for Lara, working the singles, and being content to feed the strike, as they added 169 in just over 30 overs.
  • He got there by guiding the 131st ball he faced, from Irfan Pathan, to square leg for a single.
  • Laker and Bailey started towards the ball, hesitated, and the batsmen scrambled a single.
2.2 Baseball A hit which allows the batter to proceed safely to first base.
More example sentences
  • The next batter hits a line-drive single to right past an outstretched second baseman.
  • The Yanks elected to intentionally walk Hunter, and a Koskie single loaded the bases.
  • He gave up a pair of singles to Hank Blalock and Michael Young leading off the inning before he was relieved by Troy Percival.
3 (singles) (Especially in tennis and badminton) a game or competition for individual players, not pairs or teams.
More example sentences
  • The result also keeps Scotland in contention for the coveted Leonard Trophy, awarded to the nation with the best overall-points total from the singles, pairs, triples and fours.
  • They would have loved to win the singles title rather than end up with another of those doubles titles.
  • With his exit from the men's singles yesterday another denizen of the baseline bit Wimbledon dust.
4 (usually singles) Bell-ringing A system of change-ringing in which one pair of bells changes places at each round.
More example sentences
  • Choose your bell and choose another with whom you're going to make the singles.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1 (single someone/thing out) Choose someone or something from a group for special treatment: one newspaper was singled out for criticism
More example sentences
  • So approached, there is nothing in Mr Taylor's identity which singles him out for differential treatment.
  • It feels like we have been singled out for this treatment.
  • Viewed differently from German-Americans and Italian-Americans, Japanese residents were singled out for special treatment.
Synonyms
select, pick out, fix on, choose, decide on; target, earmark; mark out, distinguish, differentiate, separate out, set apart/aside, put aside; cull
2Thin out (seedlings or saplings): hand hoes are used for singling roots
More example sentences
  • There is pea picking and hop picking, and occasionally a little weeding, singling roots, and picking potatoes, and helping at hay harvest.
3Reduce (a railway track) to a single line: the South Western line was singled west of Salisbury
More example sentences
  • Significant changes occurred to the line in May 1965, when the line was singled.
4 [no object] Baseball Hit a single: Cohen singled to centre
More example sentences
  • Millar greeted Clemens with a first-pitch homer to left-field, Nixon worked a walk, and Bill Mueller singled to center as Nixon took third.
  • When Tony Womack escaped a full count by singling to center with two outs, I figured Jim Tracy would cue Gagne, but he let Lima press onward against the dangerous Walker.
  • D Johnson singled to right center, J Payton to third.
4.1 [with object] Cause (a run) to be scored by hitting a single.
More example sentences
  • The next night, he hit a pair of two-run homers and singled home the winning run in the eighth inning.
  • In the home sixth inning, Yaz tied the game with a two-run single and Harrelson singled home the lead run.
  • At Cleveland, pinch-hitter Victor Martinez singled home the go-ahead run in the eighth inning, leading Cleveland past Cincinnati.
4.2 [with object] Advance (a runner) by hitting a single.
More example sentences
  • Reyes scored three runs and stole two bases, and his triple in the seventh inning tied the score before Carlos Beltran singled him home with the go-ahead run.
  • Matsui finally gained some redemption in the fifth, singling home Williams from second after the Yankee centerfielder had doubled.
  • Let's say the Angels have Darin Erstad on second base and one out when Tim Salmon singles him home in the eighth inning, breaking a 2-2 tie.

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin singulus, related to simplus 'simple'.

Derivatives

singledom

noun
More example sentences
  • However, he does not have to contemplate singledom just yet.
  • I have witnessed firsthand the startling inconsistency with which Corporate America deals with singledom.
  • Hurley had reacted to her new singledom in a masculine assertive way, with a series of short, publicly passionate affairs.

singleness

noun
More example sentences
  • We would not want immediate access, purity, singleness, even if we could find it.
  • My continued singleness and ever increasing incapability to even approach a prospective partner will ensure that I die old and lonely unless some kind person is willing to take pity on me.
  • Slaves, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling, in singleness of heart, as you obey Christ.

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retention of juvenile features in the adult animal