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sociology Line breaks: soci|ology
Pronunciation: /səʊʃɪˈɒlədʒi/ /səʊsɪˈɒlədʒi/

Definition of sociology in English:


[mass noun]
1The study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society.
Example sentences
  • Adorno is undoubtedly the most important figure in the development of the sociology of music in the 20th century.
  • Interestingly, these two chapters refer to Feagin as developing a new urban sociology.
  • To look at studies and scholars in the sociology of religion demonstrates the roles in structuring society that religion fulfils.
1.1The study of social problems.
Example sentences
  • Best devotes considerable energy to situating himself in the historiography of the sociology of deviance and social control.
  • This curriculum first introduces middle school aged children to the history, psychology and sociology of prejudice and discrimination.
  • A sociology of violence in the schools is primarily a sociology of exclusion.


Pronunciation: /səʊʃɪəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/ /səʊsɪəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • Ideas of good and evil, like sociological posturing over cultural dysfunction, take us no closer to reasons or reality.
  • No laboured interpretation, psychological or sociological, was thrust upon the play.
  • My major interest in sports as a journalistic subject runs in a sociological direction.
Pronunciation: /səʊʃɪəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/ /səʊsɪəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
Example sentences
  • Because he was thinking sociologically, Goffman asked questions of his data that others with different agendas and interests would not have asked.
  • Psychological functionalisms hold that people participate in religious activities to reduce anxiety whereas more sociologically oriented ones see religions as acting to increase social solidarity.
  • The books share a methodology of using an official series of departure records to constitute a cohort of emigrants to be analyzed sociologically and then followed in their experiences overseas.
Pronunciation: /səʊsiˈɒlədʒɪst/
Example sentences
  • Psychologists and sociologists have analyzed how gossip forges social cohesion and emotional ties.
  • Many sociologists of religion are themselves religious people and have been drawn to the discipline in order better to understand their own faith.
  • The season in which we live is being dubbed as the postmodern era by sociologists, philosophers and theologians.


Mid 19th century: from French sociologie (see socio-, -logy).

Definition of sociology in:
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