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species

Line breaks: spe¦cies
Pronunciation: /ˈspiːʃiːz
 
, -ʃɪz, ˈspiːs-/

Definition of species in English:

noun (plural same)

1 (abbreviation: sp., spp.) Biology A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. The species is the principal natural taxonomic unit, ranking below a genus and denoted by a Latin binomial, e.g. Homo sapiens.
Example sentences
  • As in Darwin's theory of natural selection, a species must adjust to survive.
  • This was supposed to be representative of the very best our species was capable of achieving?
  • Organisms of a particular species all have the same genes but have different alleles.
1.1 Logic A group subordinate to a genus and containing individuals agreeing in some common attributes and called by a common name.
2A kind or sort: a species of invective at once tough and suave
More example sentences
  • Is it that Graphic Design will be thought of as a species of decorative art or some kind of crazy expressive thing?
2.1Used humorously to refer to people who share a characteristic or occupation: a political species that is becoming more common, the environmental statesman
More example sentences
  • Most writers deny thinking of a specific reader, or of a species called readers when writing.
  • In an industry where song writers are a rare species, Louie X has come to stand-out as one of the most song writers of note.
2.2 Chemistry & Physics A particular kind of atom, molecule, ion, or particle: a new molecular species
3 Christian Church The visible form of each of the elements of consecrated bread and wine in the Eucharist.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin, literally 'appearance, form, beauty', from specere 'to look'.

More
  • The connection may not be immediately obvious, but species is based on Latin specere ‘to look’. The Latin root is reflected in some of the early uses of the word, such as ‘the outward look or appearance of something’, or ‘an image or reflection’. Over time this idea of the visible form of something developed into the more general notion of a thing's ‘type’ or ‘kind’. See also female. Other English words based on Latin specere or the related verb spectare include special (Middle English); spectator (late 16th century); spectre (early 17th century) (literally ‘an appearance’); specimen (early 17th century); and spy (Middle English). Another is spectacle (ME in the sense ‘a show’)a spectacle, originally used in the singular, was a term for a device to assist eyesight as far back as the 15th century. In one of his sermons written in 1628, the poet and preacher John Donne thanked the man ‘that assists me with a Spectacle when my sight grows old’.

Words that rhyme with species

Pontine Marshes

Definition of species in:

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