Definition of sphere in English:

sphere

Line breaks: sphere
Pronunciation: /sfɪə
 
/

noun

  • 1A round solid figure, or its surface, with every point on its surface equidistant from its centre.
    More example sentences
    • There's a particularly good 3D Objects tool, which lets you create modelled spheres, cubes, rectangles cones, pyramids, toroids and more effortlessly.
    • He often compared life to the sine wave or the sphere.
    • A plane surface, or the surface of a sphere, is two dimensional, right?
  • 1.1A spherical object; a ball or globe: the markers on the route included two conspicuous black spheres
    More example sentences
    • He saw a large ghost pulling on a long lever, at the opposite end of which a plunger crushed a smiling white ball into a billiard-sized sphere.
    • The mystical warrior balled up his fist, summoning a sphere of black energy, which was surrounded by purple lightening, and flung it into the air.
    • The archon floated over to a shiny sphere filled with orbiting balls of light.
    Synonyms
    globe, ball, orb, spheroid, globule, round; bubble
    rare spherule
  • 1.2A globe representing the earth: the room was littered with books, maps, and spheres
    More example sentences
    • These will include a 20-metre sphere representing the Earth.
    • A new logo was also designed for the Airport, consisting of a bird in flight, silhouetted against a sphere or the earth's globe.
    • Bob then lifted his hand to waist height and then turned it palm side up, a light then came from Bob's hand and formed a sphere that looked like earth.
  • 1.3chiefly • literary A celestial body: he sometimes took out his telescope to make sure the spheres were still revolving in good order
    More example sentences
    • The symbol of the sun and moon lay embossed on the frontal bind, the lunar sphere overtaking the sun in wars of dark and light.
    • The twin suns of Safi and Soka were discernible as bloated yellow-red spheres just over the horizon.
    • Anyway, the large sphere is the planet, obviously.
  • 1.4 literary The sky perceived as a vault upon or in which celestial bodies are represented as lying.
  • 1.5Each of a series of revolving concentrically arranged spherical shells in which celestial bodies were formerly thought to be set in a fixed relationship.
    More example sentences
    • Aristotle's geocentric astronomy, which attaches the heavenly bodies to a series of concentric spheres, was not his own creation.
    • He knew the stars to be attached to crystal spheres revolving about the Earth.
    • The spheres above man contain the heavenly bodies, the angels and finally, God.
  • 2An area of activity, interest, or expertise; a section of society or an aspect of life distinguished and unified by a particular characteristic: political reforms to match those in the economic sphere
    More example sentences
    • It may be permissible to call them economic conflicts because they concern that sphere of human life which is, in common speech, known as the sphere of economic activities.
    • In the past, the Malays were tied to their agrarian communities, and the British brought in Chinese and Indians to partake in different spheres of economic activities.
    • This can be seen in the following quotation, in which Pareto connects interests with the economic sphere.
    Synonyms
    domain, realm, province, field, area, region, territory, arena, department; area of interest, area of study, discipline, speciality, specialty

verb

[with object] archaic Back to top  
  • 1Enclose in or as if in a sphere: mourners, sphered by their dark garb
  • 1.1Form into a rounded or perfect whole: you, hitherto, have still had goodness sphered within your eyes

Phrases

music (or harmony) of the spheres

The natural harmonic tones supposedly produced by the movement of the celestial spheres or the bodies fixed in them.
More example sentences
  • Only at the end of the section does he hone the poem down from the music of the spheres to the more palpable sphere of a doorknob.
  • One of his recent pieces, Sol's Violin connects his interest in electronic music with one of the holy grails of human investigation, the music of the spheres.
  • Elsewhere, though, such repetition sounds the music of the spheres.

sphere of influence (or interest)

A country or area in which another country has power to affect developments though it has no formal authority: there was increasing friction between Russia and Germany concerning their respective spheres of influence in eastern Europe
More example sentences
  • It was characterised by the arms race between the two superpowers who were eager to preserve their spheres of influence.
  • However, he cautions the reader to keep in mind the wars fought by the United Kingdom to expand its sphere of influence.
  • Once a powerful kingdom whose sphere of influence stretched from the Levante in the west as far as Naples and Sicily in the east, Aragon is now one of Spain's 17 autonomous regions.
Synonyms
area, field, compass, orbit; range, scope, extent; jurisdiction, remit
informal bailiwick, turf, patch
A field or area in which an individual or organization has power to affect events and developments: we need a system in which agencies have clearer boundaries to their sphere of influence
More example sentences
  • These value chains are moreover often populated with middlemen who prosper by taking a ‘cut’ out of every transaction they organize within their sphere of influence.
  • As nurses continue to broaden their spheres of influence in areas, such as hospital corporate staff, hospital and community boards, and college administration, there is a need to enhance professional etiquette skills.
  • As the hubs of international networks, major companies form spheres of influence and power over numbers of affiliated and collaborating business units.

Derivatives

spheral

adjective ( • archaic )
More example sentences
  • One prior art method of applying an anti-reflection coating to a spheral solar cell is disclosed.
  • In one embodiment of the present invention, the disk-depressing member provides an annular channel to allow the movement of the spheral members therein.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French espere, from late Latin sphera, earlier sphaera, from Greek sphaira 'ball'.

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