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star

Line breaks: star
Pronunciation: /stɑː
 
/

Definition of star in English:

noun

1A fixed luminous point in the night sky which is a large, remote incandescent body like the sun.
Example sentences
  • This new heat supply causes the outer layers of the star to expand and cool, and the star becomes a red giant, or a red supergiant if it is very massive.
  • But Tarenghi is most thrilled about the observations of pulsating stars known as Cepheid variables.
  • Later, astronomers further scrutinized this star with the Hubble Space Telescope.
Synonyms
celestial body, heavenly body, sun;
asteroid, planet, planetoid
literary orb

True stars were formerly known as the fixed stars, to distinguish them from the planets or wandering stars. They are gaseous spheres consisting primarily of hydrogen and helium, there being an equilibrium between the compressional force of gravity and the outward pressure of radiation resulting from internal thermonuclear fusion reactions. Some six thousand stars are visible to the naked eye, but there are actually more than a hundred thousand million in our own Galaxy, while billions of other galaxies are known

2A conventional or stylized representation of a star, typically having five or more points: the walls were painted with silver moons and stars
More example sentences
  • At the top center of the outer ring is a crescent moon alongside five stars, representing the five tribes and the nation's Islamic heritage.
  • The upper triangle is red with a yellow bird of paradise; the lower triangle is black with five white stars representing the Southern Cross.
  • The comforter was a dark blue, with silver moons and lavender stars on it.
2.1A star-shaped symbol used to indicate a category of excellence: the hotel has three stars [as modifier]: MPs suggested giving ferries star ratings
More example sentences
  • Local authorities can receive up to three stars - indicating excellent - for their performance.
  • The star ratings were awarded after all trusts were assessed against key targets from April 2003 to March 2004.
  • The project received one star, in a system where no stars indicates poor and three excellent.
2.2An asterisk: the captain has a star against his name
More example sentences
  • Why is there a star next to some users' names on the active users lists?
2.3A white patch on the forehead of a horse or other animal.
Example sentences
  • She paused to kiss Foxfire on the tip of her nose and ran a finger over the white star on her forehead.
  • She was a black mare, with a white around her hooves and a white star on her forehead.
  • Riley nodded, then stopped at the stall of a black mare with a white star on her forehead.
2.4 (also star connection) [usually as modifier] A Y-shaped arrangement of three-phase electrical windings.
Example sentences
  • Transformers for 3-phase duty..may have both primary and secondary windings connected in delta or star.
2.5 (also star network) [usually as modifier] A data or communication network in which all nodes are independently connected to one central unit: computers in a star layout
More example sentences
  • The theoretical maximum is the centralization that would be obtained in a perfectly centralized star network where the only interactions are a central individual talking to everyone else.
  • Quantum cryptography is limited to use between two dedicated points, or perhaps around a star network.
  • All data transmission goes through the master in a star network topology.
3A very famous or talented entertainer or sports player: a sport star [as modifier]: she got star treatment
More example sentences
  • The man you saw on the screen was a down-to-earth, likeable guy who just happened to be a TV star.
  • Bob was enabled and allowed to pursue this kind of destructive behaviour because he was a minor TV star.
  • Then, of course, he became the biggest rap star on the planet.
Synonyms
3.1An outstandingly successful person or thing in a group: he’s a rising star in the party [as modifier]: Elinor was a star pupil
More example sentences
  • But, she was the star attraction of the day with students thronging to have a word with her.
  • The rising star, a pupil at St Francis School, Maldon, was up against 300 other children in auditions last October.
  • Petite Pooja Reddy is the rising star and the brightest hope in shooting arena.
4 Astrology A planet, constellation, or configuration regarded as influencing a person’s fortunes or personality: his golf destiny was written in the stars
More example sentences
  • Castor's skill with horses is said to be shared by those born under the influence of the star.
  • No-one could escape the influence of the stars, he was alleged to be telling them, and it was therefore as well to know one's own future from a chart-reading.
  • Cavalcanti berated the philosopher for giving so much consideration to the influence of the stars.
4.1 (stars) informal A horoscope published in a newspaper or magazine: what do my stars say?
More example sentences
  • They believe and accept the predestined future written in their horoscope or stars, that regardless of their effort whatever has to happen will happen.
  • It is so strange and I think it has something to do with the stars, I mean horoscope.
Synonyms
horoscope, forecast, augury
dated nativity
5Used in names of starfishes and similar echinoderms with five or more radiating arms, e.g. cushion star, brittlestar.
Example sentences
  • How a star avoids the limelight: some echinoderms have thousands of eyes on their backs.

verb (stars, starring, starred)

[with object] Back to top  
1(Of a film, play, or other show) have (someone) as a principal performer: a film starring Liza Minnelli
More example sentences
  • While in New York, he bumped into David Rubinoff, the playwright responsible for Stuck, a one-man show starring Sean Power that Zotter had seen and loved in Toronto.
  • The play starring Anna Manahan and Des Keogh is a much-loved favourite not only in the county but internationally and was recently nominated for an outer critic circle award in New York.
  • When I was 4, I went backstage at a play starring Tony Robinson.
1.1 [no object] (Of a performer) have a principal role in a film, play, or other show: McQueen had starred in such epics as The Magnificent Seven (as adjective starring) his first starring role
More example sentences
  • The actress has starred in films such as Something About Mary, Vanilla Sky and last year's epic Gangs of New York and is one of Tinseltown's hottest stars.
  • The Glenrothes-born actor has also starred in films such as Mission Impossible II and Ripley's Game.
  • In 1986, she starred in the title role in Trevor Nunn's film Lady Jane, about the ill-fated nine-day queen, Lady Jane Grey.
1.2 [no object] Perform exceptionally in a game or other event: Beckham starred in the win over Leeds
More example sentences
  • In game after game he starred in the green and white jersey and he always led the side by example.
  • Even though they lost two recent games, one against Tulsa and to Harvard, she starred in both games.
  • He participated in (even starred in) many events for our organizations.
2Decorate or cover with star-shaped marks or objects: thick grass starred with flowers
More example sentences
  • His pictures have an appeal beyond the visual, conjuring up the almost tropical heat, the lush green of hedgerows starred with flowers, the scent of fresh grass and the choral chirping of insects.
2.1Mark (something) for special notice or recommendation with an asterisk or other star-shaped symbol: the activities listed below are starred according to their fitness ratings (as adjective, in combination -starred) Michelin-starred restaurants
More example sentences
  • Items are starred according to their relative importance and whether the committee is recommended to approve the action or policy, or to provide comment.
  • Hotels in France are regulated and starred according to price, so rates are posted up front, helping to avoid the price-comparison and guessing game you often have to play in the States.

Origin

Old English steorra, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch ster, German Stern, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin stella and Greek astēr.

More
  • The Latin word stella ‘star’, which gave us star constellation (Middle English) and stellar (mid 17th century), was related to the two Greek equivalents, astēr and astron, the source of words such as asterisk and astrology (Late Middle English). The latter is the source of expressions such as thank your lucky stars found from the late 16th century. Star did not apply to famous or talented entertainers until the beginning of the 19th century. Eventually a star was not big or glittering enough, and superstar was coined around 1925, followed by megastar in 1976. See also hitch

Phrases

have stars in one's eyes

1
Be idealistically hopeful about one’s future: a singer selected from hundreds of applicants with stars in their eyes
More example sentences
  • And he does not expect all his pupils to have stars in their eyes.
  • Let me make this clear: I do not have stars in my eyes.
  • For a brief time, Fish has stars in his eyes but soon realizes it's a kind of bribe.

my stars!

2
informal , dated An expression of astonishment: my stars, has everybody got you wrong!
More example sentences
  • "I very clearly remember saying, ‘Oh my stars,’" she recalls.

reach for the stars

3
Have high or ambitious aims: ever since Cooke told him he was too small to play, the flanker has reached for the stars
More example sentences
  • The former Heriot's flanker knows he is reaching for the stars at Headingley today.
  • I was not reaching for the stars, I just wanted to keep myself financially by acting.
  • Pop fan Katie Storey is reaching for the stars after winning a competition to watch the sparkling Christmas lights in Oxford Street being switched on by some of her pop idols.

see stars

4
Seem to see flashes of light, especially as a result of being hit on the head.
Example sentences
  • The visual changes included seeing stars and bright lights, occasionally with accompanying nonspecific dizziness.
  • He butted me quite intentionally and from there on in I was actually seeing stars a bit.
  • I teetered back, stunned for a second, seeing stars.

you're a star!

5
informal Used to praise someone’s efforts, especially by way of thanks.
Example sentences
  • Thanks, you're a star.

Derivatives

starless

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • The soil was pitch black and the moon was a crimson red against a starless, dark blue night sky.
  • The sky was still dark and starless, covered in cloud.
  • In the dark, starless air, every sound seems muffled: the falling rain, the stirring of the waking crew, the whisper of the surf.

starlike

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • It has a large, round coma and starlike nucleus.
  • New York-based Vincent Szarek fuses vaguely starlike forms with flawless, auto-body surfaces in wall-mounted reliefs of bright yellow and bright red.
  • In either case, the starlike phylogeny may have been caused by population expansion.

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Pronunciation: ˈtenəbrəs
adjective
dark; shadowy or obscure