Definition of sugar in English:

sugar

Line breaks: sugar
Pronunciation: /ˈʃʊɡə
 
/

noun

1 [mass noun] A sweet crystalline substance obtained from various plants, especially sugar cane and sugar beet, consisting essentially of sucrose, and used as a sweetener in food and drink: a spoonful of sugar [as modifier]: a sugar bowl
More example sentences
  • In a separate bowl, sift together sugar, flour, baking powder and baking soda.
  • So it is crucial to monitor your intake of glucose from starchy foods (bread, rice and potatoes), sugar and other sweet foods.
  • Part of the problem is that increasingly health-conscious consumers see Coke as a drink packed with sugar and chemical sweeteners and not much else.
1.1 [count noun] A lump or teaspoonful of sugar, used to sweeten tea or coffee: I’ll have mine black with two sugars
More example sentences
  • Inside, he filled his coffee cup (two sugars, one cream), picked out a nicely glazed cream filled doughnut, and walked over to the magazine rack.
  • As a young boy, that meant giving up sitting in front of the TV with my cup of coffee, 2 sugars and a biscuit (these were the comforts of my life at that time).
  • He grinned broadly, just like Blake did. ‘White coffee, no sugars, coming right up!’
2 Biochemistry Any of the class of soluble, crystalline, typically sweet-tasting carbohydrates found in living tissues and exemplified by glucose and sucrose.
More example sentences
  • Complex sugars coat almost every cell in the body, as well as microbes that cause disease.
  • The extent to which sugars move across the plasma membranes of embryo-derived protoplasts during isolation, suspension, and drying is not known and merits further investigation.
  • Consume these sugars a half-hour before and immediately after your workouts.
3 informal , chiefly North American Used as a term of endearment: what’s wrong, sugar?
More example sentences
  • Well yes, compared to the drab fifties and khaki they probably were, but today their colours seem to be seen through a sepia veneer, and, sugar, that doesn't do it for me.
  • ‘Look at me, sugar’, he said.
4 [as exclamation] informal Used as a euphemism for ‘shit’: ‘Oh sugar!’ cried Sally
More example sentences
  • Spoken and written substitutes for the word in American English include sugar, sheesh, shoot, and shucks, as in the constructions: Oh, sugar! Aww, shucks!
5 informal A narcotic drug, especially heroin or LSD: bags full of extra-fine Colombian sugar

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Sweeten, sprinkle, or coat with sugar: Mother absent-mindedly sugared her tea (as adjective sugared) sugared almonds
More example sentences
  • It has a delicious malty aroma with hints of heather and honey and rich, sweet, nutty undertones like sugared almonds or peanut brittle.
  • Visitors to the show will receive a lace bag of wedding favours, five sugared almonds which traditionally convey blessing, with a Bible text inside.
  • There was no wedding cake, no sugared almonds and we were allowed to wear black.
1.1 [no object] (usually as noun sugaring) Entomology Spread a mixture of sugar, treacle, beer, etc., on a tree trunk in order to catch moths.
More example sentences
  • Aside from light, probably the next best method of collecting moths and other insects is the well-known method of ‘sugaring’.
  • Sugaring involves combining one can of beer, a pound of sugar, a half cup of dark molasses and some very ripe fruit (and maybe a dash of rum) in a blender and allowing the mixture to thicken to a spreadable consistency.
2Make more agreeable or palatable: the novel was preachy but sugared heavily with jokes
More example sentences
  • The bitter pill of sexual abstinence is sugared with a soulless, preachy kind of rock 'n' wafer and a peer group pressure that is well parodied in the forthcoming Michael Stipe produced film, Saved!
  • In his act the pill of political polemic may be sugared with a sprinkling of dirty jokes, but it's always there.
  • She is the least regretted politician in the country, so her departure sugars the loss of Scotland's presence in British government.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French sukere, from Italian zucchero, probably via medieval Latin from Arabic sukkar.

Phrases

sugar the pill

see pill1.

Derivatives

sugarless

adjective
More example sentences
  • Small glass mugs of steaming hot, sugarless coffee with a strong and pleasant aroma, turned out to be just as popular among the golfers, as the tall glasses brimming over with frothy ice cold, sweetened coffee.
  • And yet if you go into a U.S. supermarket, you see aisle after aisle of fat-free foods, of sugarless foods, of foods devoted to people who are trying to lose weight.
  • The cheapness of sugar creates an incentive for food manufacturers and retailers to sell consumers more of it in more formats, and drives sugarless foods out of the market.

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